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A 7l 

Virginia Commonwealth University 

Spring 1986 








A L 

N D 






Anderson Gallery 

The Anderson Gallery hours are 

Tuesday-Friday, 10 am-6 pm, and 

Saturday and Sunday, 1-5 pm. 

The gallery is closed during July 

and August, 

April 23-30: Master of Fine Arts 

Student shows: painting and 

printmaking, sculpture, and 


May 8-17: M.F.A, student shows: 

painting and printmaking and 


May 20-27: M.F.A, student 

shows: communication arts and 

design and photography. 

For more in/orTTUition, cunUict the 
Antlerson Gallery, 907'h West Frank- 
lin Street. Richmond. VA 23284-OOOi; 
(804) 257-1522. 


Spring Sun Belt Tournaments 
May 11-15; Golf, 
May 13-17: Baseball. 


August 30: Alumni game. 2 pm. 
September 6: University of the 
District of Columbia, 2 pm. 
September 10: at Newport 
News Apprentice School, 7 pm. 
September 13, 14: at University 
of Maryland, Baltimore County 
Tournament, TBA, 
September 18: at Old Dominion 
University, 7:30 pm. 
September 20: at Coppin State 
College, 2 pm, 

September 24: James Madison 
University, 2 pm. 
September 27: Virginia Tech, 
2 pm. 

October 4: West Virginia Univer- 
sity, 2 pm. 

October 11 ; at Averett College, 
2 pm, 

October 15: at Randolph- 
Macon College, 3 pm. 
October 18: St. Andrews Presby- 
terian, 1 pm. 

October 19: East Carolina 
University, 2 pm, 

October 22: at the University of 
Richmond, 3 pm, 
October 25: at Kutztown Univer- 
sity, 2 pm. 

October 28: Mary Washington 
College, 3 pm. 

November 6: at the Sun Belt 
Tournament, TBA, 
All home games are held at the 
Gary Street Field of the Can/ 
Street Recreational Complex, 

For more information, contact the Ath- 
letics Department. 819 West Franklin 
Street, Richmond. VA 23284-0001: 
(804) 257-1 RAM. 


May 17: Richmond Coliseum, 
10 am. For more information, 
contact University Enrollment 
Services/Records and Registra- 
tion, Box 2520, Richmond, VA 
23284-0001; (804) 257-1341. 


June 7-21; Ireland; $1,895, 

July 1-30: Perugia, Italy; S470, 

July 2-30: Salamanca, Spain; 


July 7-August 1 : Klagenfurt, 

Austria; $770, 

For more m/ornkilion and a payment 
schedule, contact the /niernational Sti«i- 
les Office. Division of Continuing Stud- 
ies and Public Sernce, iOI West Frank- 
lin Street. Richmond. VA 23220: (804) 


Information Systems 

Education Program 

May 8, 9: Intermediate dBASE III; 


May 12: Advanced Lotus 1-2-3; 


May 13: Dos for PC Users; $195, 

May 27, 28: Understanding and 

Using Your PC; $395, 

June 18, 19: Introduction to Lotus 

1-2-3; S395, 

Registration fee includes instructional 
nuitenals. lunch and break re/resli- 
ments, and parking. All seminars are 
conducted in the School of Business, For 
more in/(jriTiaiion ahout registration and 
lodging, contact the Management Cen- 
ter, School of Business, Box 4000, 
Richmond, VA 23284-0001; (804) 


June 8-11: Pharmacy Division, 
Virginia Pharmaceutical Associ- 
ation, Virginia Beach, 
June 8-12: American Society of 
Biological Chemists, Washington, 

June 8-12: Allied Health Profes- 
sions Division, American Physical 
Therapy Association, Chicago. 
June 23-28: Allied Health Profes- 
sions Division, American Society 
for Medical Technologists, New 

July (date, TBA): Allied Health 
Professions Division, American 
Hospital Association, Chicago, 

For more information, contiict the 
MCV Alumni Association of VCU. 
1 105 East Clay Street, Richmond, VA 
23298-0001,- (804) 786-0434. 


Terrace Concert Series 
All concerts are held at the VCU 
Performing Arts Center, 922 Park 
Avenue, 8 pm. The Terrace Con- 
cert Series is sponsored by the 
Department of Music, School of 
the Arts, and the John F, Kennedy 
Center for the Performing Arts. 
The series is supported by the 
CSX Corporation, 
May 1 : Abbey Simon, pianist. 
May 3: The Ridge String Quartet. 
May 7: Leroy Jenkins, American 

May 10: The Romero Guitar 

For more information about these and 
other concerts, contact the Department 
of Music, 922 Park Acenue, Rich- 
mond. VA 23284-0001: (804) 


May-August: Registration for 
credit courses is already under- 
way; deadlines vary depending 
on the summer session of enroll- 
ment. For a summer studies bulle- 
tin and registration materials, 
contact the Office of Evening 
and Summer Studies, 901 West 
Franklin Street, Richmond, VA 
23284-0001; (804) 257-0200. 


Golf Tournament 
May 12: First Annual VCU Invita- 
tional Golf Tournament, The 
Crossings Golf Course, Rich- 
mond. The cost per foursome is 
S500 (tax-deductible) and in- 
cludes a round of golf, lunch, re- 
freshments, and prizes. All pro- 
ceeds will go to the VCU Athletic 
Scholarship Fund. For more infor- 
mation, contact Ken Cutler, Ath- 
letics Department, 819 West 
Franklin Street, Richmond, VA 
23284-0001; (804) 257-1277, 

Physics Symposium 
October 28-November 1: Inter- 
national Symposium on the Phys- 
ics and Chemistry of Small Clus- 
ters; registration deadline, 
September 15, For more informa- 
tion, contact Dr P, Jena, Depart- 
ment of Physics, Box 2000, Rich- 
mond, VA 23284-0001; (804) 

Social Work Licensing Institute 
October 12-16: The School of So- 
cial Wot1< hosts its annual Licens- 
ing Institute in San Antonio, Texas, 
For more information, contact 
the School of Social Work, Box 
2027, Richmond, VA 23284-0001; 
(804) 257-1030. 

Writers Workshop 
July 31-August 1: This noncredit 
two-day workshop is sponsored 
by the School of Education. The 
workshop director is Dr Ray 
Heitzmann, professor of 
education at Villanova University, 
Registration fee is S60, For more 
information, contact the 
Department of Continuing 
Education, School of Education, 
Box 2020, Richmond, VA 
23284-0001; (804) 257-1332, 

Cover photographs by Dennis 
McWaters. Art tiirectton b\ Scott 

M A 







Volume 14, Number 3 



Spring 1986 

A publication for alumni and friends of 

Virginia Commonwealth University 

Elaine Jones, editor 

Anne Costimore, designer 

David IMathls, director of VCU Pubiicaiions 

Located in Virginia's capital city, Riclimond, 
Virginia Commonwealth University traces its 
founding date to 1838. Today, VCU is an ur- 
ban, public university enrolling nearly 20,000 
students on the Academic and Medical Col- 
lege of Virginia Campuses. 

VCU Magazine is produced three times a 
year by VCU Publications. The opinions ex- 
pressed in VCU Magazine are those of the 
author and not necessarily those of VCU. 

Copyright © 1986 by Virginia Commonwealth 



■ < 


An Equal Opportunily/Aftirmative Action University 

Limited Edition 2 


Program Chronicle 4 

Civil war, disability, 6 
and social work in 

Two faculty of VCU's School of Social Work 
went to Cyprus last fall where they met with 
social wort<ers from Lebanon who want to 
upgrade medical rehabilitation programs for 
their disabled people. 

Higher education live 12 
from VCU 

The Office of Media Instruction has brought 
the hi-tech boom to VCU, offering more peo- 
ple more access to education than ever be- 
fore and, in the process, bringing the world to 
the university's doorstep. 

Educational poverty 16 
in college athletics 

Big bucks for college athletics programs 
have come at a high price: many student- 
athletes aren't graduating. Reform appears 
to be an idea whose time is long overdue. 

University in the 



Research Exchange 26 

Alumni Update 




As the administrator of a psychiatric and ad- 
dictive disease hospital, it was with great in- 
terest that I read "Substance abuse among 
health care professionals" in the summer 1985 
issue of the VCU Magazine. 

In presenting clear and credible informa- 
tion concerning substance abuse to the au- 
dience generally served by your magazine, 
the article goes a long way in helping to 
break not only the personal denial exhibited 
by the individual suffering from addictive dis- 
ease but also the institutional and profes- 
sional denial that unwittingly supports the re- 
luctance to seek treatment. You are to be 
commended for providing this service. 

—Alan M. Gitlm 

MM. A. 1979 
Columbia, MO 

I just received my fall '85 VCU Magazine, 
and it's exceilent I like the style, the layout, 
the content, etc. A perfect package to keep 
an alumnus up-to-date on VCU. 
You and your staff are doing a great job! 

— Bob Soter 
M.S.W. 1971 
Allentown, PA 

Readers should send their Letters to the Editor to 
VCU Magazine, VCU Publications, Box 
2036, Richmond, VA 23284-0001. Except for 
editing for university style and grammar, letters 
appear as written. Be sure to incli4de ynur name 
and address and, if applicable, degree arvi year of 
graduation. Anonymous letters will not be 
printed, but names will be withheld on request. 



O N 



By Bill Moulden 

t was a chilly, 
windy, rainy 
March night in 
April. The down- 
town street was 
almost deserted. 
The block we 
sought was made 
up of old store 
fronts, some boarded up, others grilled 
and barred. To meet the School of the 
Arts requirement for a senior art show, 
four sculpture students had rented a long 
narrow store on Broad Street that had 
last served as a jewelry store. As we 
drove by looking for a parking place, this 
location shone out like a bright cell in 
an otherwise dreary cell block. 

We arrived on time and were perhaps 
the first guests there. The walls and 
ceiling were freshly painted white, and 
lights had been rigged to show the 
various works of sculpture to their best 
advantage. We went right to our son's 
work and began taking pictures before 
wandering through to look at the other 
exhibits. He arrived shortly, accompa- 
nied by his wife, also an artist. Perhaps 
to contrast with the other students and 
artists, he had shaved his moustache and 
gotten a haircut. He was wearing his one 
suit and could have passed that night for 
a business major. 

There was a lot of tension about. 
After 20 minutes or so, I began to 
wonder if the show might not bomb 
since few guests had arrived. But soon a 
steady flow began, the place filled up, 
and we relaxed on that point. The 
crowd made taking pictures difficult, so 1 
eased back against the wall to watch the 
people and sip my ration ot champagne 
in its plastic cup. 

I had to admire the variety of dress 
among the young people. There ap- 
parently was no one fad in vogue, or 
maybe the fad in vogue was to try to 
look as different from the others as one 
could. I noted some who were informal 
at the feet, with old sneakers and sweat 
socks; but their appearance got more 
formal as the eye rose. The jeans were 
cleaned and pressed, and sport coats and 
ties topped off the outfit. More often 
than not, the collar of the coat was 
turned up and the tie knot loosened. 

Some of the parents were traditionally 
dressed — suits and ties for the men and 
dresses for the women — while others 
were in denim and sneakers, like a lot of 
the kids. My wife had picked one of her 
more colorful frocks, and 1 could see her 
in intense conversation with a man I 
recognized as an art professor. I edged 
over to join them, but the din of the 
crowd made it impossible to follow their 
remarks. I wondered if they could hear 
each other, or if it made a difference. It 
was a ritual: she expressing support and 
enthusiasm for our son's work, he assur- 
ing her that it was indeed art. 

I found myself near two rather large 
young women. They had on fifties-style 
dresses, silky, flowery, and draped 
around their awkward looking bodies. 
One had on white gloves. A lot of the 
students came up to greet them, and 
there were hugs and kisses and effusive 
laughter in these encounters. They 
seemed to know nearly everyone there. 
My son told us later that one was a 
transvestite man and the other had had 
a sex change from male to female. My 
wife was a bit shocked over this, and I 

was amazed that it hadn't occurred to me 
even when I had noted a freshly shaved 
look about the lips of the transvestite. 

The professors were easily distin- 
guished from the parents. They were in 
tweeds and corduroys, with neat turtle- 
necks or shirts and ties. Most had beards 
but they were neatly trimmed, as were 
their heads, perhaps to assure a more 
comfortable jog. Most of them looked 
remarkably slim and trim in their middle 
age. I had been mistaken for a professor 
some years ago with my shaggy beard 
and hair and substantial gut. But I doubt 
if that would happen today. The male 
professors all seemed to be with younger 
women. Were they younger, 1 mused, or 
did they just look younger? Not being 
able to detect a transvestite, I was barely 
qualified to speculate on this. 

What about the art? There was really 
a wide variety, like the dress of the 
artists. In some the artistry seemed to be 
contained in the concept but not in the 
execution. There were boxes and rocks 
and roughly constructed wood shapes 
with grahtti-like drawings on them. 
Other works were clearly painstakingly 
constructed but more obscure in mean- 
ing. I liked those best. My son's major 
piece was minutely constructed of wood 
and heavily painted. "Isn't that beauti- 
ful" was my first comment after he 
arrived, at which he winced a bit. He 
said some considered his work "too 
pretty," a concept 1 had difficulty with. 
How can we not think of art and beauty 
in the same context? 1 guess an art 
history course could straighten me out 
on this prejudice. 

My son had also placed a traditional 
still life oil painting on the wall. He had 
done it on commission for someone and 
borrowed it back for the show. Was he 
trying to show us he could do traditional 
art, or was it just to comfort his tradi- 
tional mother? Perhaps he liked to show 
contrast with his other abstract or 
nonrepresentational works. Maybe he 
just liked it. 

But the works of art that most im- 
pressed me were the art students them- 
selves — these young artists. They all 
seemed to be aware of how great the 
odds were against them that they would 
be discovered and he able to make a 

living out of the fine art they had pur- 
sued in lieu of commercial art. Give the 
professors credit for letting them know 
what the real world of art held for them. 
But they had stayed with it much as the 
major league ballplayer hangs in for years 
with the dream of making it in the 
majors, I suppose. 

Is that it? Or is it just that they like 
doing art? I guess they talk about it 
among themselves. We parents talk 
about it with our children but interac- 
tion comes hard. When we try, they fall 
silent in the face of our cliched questions 
about the future. Yes, they may eventu- 
ally teach art to children. Or perhaps 
they will go to graduate school and hope 
to get a job teaching art in a college. 
That would be the major leagues for 
them. Recognition and fame as a pure 
artist would compare more with super- 
stardom. Many, I supposed, would find a 
career that was benefited by their crea- 
tive talent out there in our chaotic 
economy, though not directly involved 
in making art. Others would take any 
job to keep alive while doing art with 

little hope of fame or fortune — just 
doing it because they are happy doing it, 
because they must do it to fulfill their 

More than other fields, art is con- 
crete. The works, however abstract they 
may be, are finite. They exist. An attist 
can view them and show them and look 
at progress when comparing the latest 
with earlier works. And, in my opinion, 
art students are more aware of how what 
they are doing relates to their world, 
their personalities, to other people, to 
the struggles of our society. 

Or, maybe 1 am just another proud 
parent. \i 

Bill Moulden uf Berkeley Springs. West 
Virginia, is a consultant in the field of 
corrections. His son, Douglas Moulden 
(B.F.A. sculpture, 1982), and Doug's wife 
Beverly Smith Fenner Moulden (B.F.A. 
sculpture, 1981) are living and working and 
doing art in Frederick, Maryland. 

Illustration by Scott Wright. 

R O 

R A 


H R O 


I C 



bout to finish his 
freshman year, 
David is still 
undecided about a 
major. He would 
like to run his own 
business someday, 
but he doesn't 
know anyone he 
could ask for the kind of practical advice 
that would help him plan his education. 

Shelley, a prepharmacy student, is 
considering several career options. She 
could practice pharmacy in a hospital, 
study for a position with a pharmaceuti- 
cal company, or become a local pharma- 
cist — but she isn't sure which she would 
like to do. 

Mark is convinced he will not find a 
job in public relations through the 
newspaper want ads when he finds 
himself job-hunting after spring gradua- 
tion. He wishes he could talk to a 
professional in the field about how to 
make contacts and tap the hidden job 

VCU's Career Planning & Placement 
has a solution to these dilemmas. It's 
called RamSCAN, the Student Career 
Advisory Network. Started over a year 
ago with a Virginia Vocational Guidance 
Projects grant through the State Depart- 
ment of Education, and now supported 
solely by career planning and place- 
ment, RamSCAN operates on the 
matchmaking principle: VCU alumni 
have professional and practical expertise 
to offer, VCU students want the advice, 
and RamSCAN sees that the two get 

"It's one of those win-win proposi- 
tions," says Jean Yerian, director of 

career planning and placement. Many 
alumni want to know that their degrees 
and career experiences could do others 
some good, and helping students get in 
touch with the real working world is an 
ideal way to fulfill that altruism. Many 
students, of course, are thinking beyond 
graduation, anxious about finding a good 
job and doing the right thing for their 
career goals while still in college. 

To build the RamSCAN alumni 
volunteer file, the stafl^sent question- 
naires a year ago to alumni in the Rich- 
mond area, asking if they would be 
interested in participating in the pro- 
gram. Seven hundred alumni responded, 
willing to talk to students individually, 
address small groups and classes on 
campus, and provide job search advice. 
"Alumni decide the extent they want to 
he involved," says Yerian. "Most alumni 
prefer only to meet with students one- 
on-one, but several also have expressed 
an interest in talking to groups." 

Today, the office has on file over 800 
VCU alumni volunteers who represent a 
fair cross-section of professional back- 
grounds; there are elementary school- 
teachers, accountants, a forester, physi- 
cians, a police captain, attorneys, 
pharmacists, a director of a theater 
company, an engineer, dentists, a psy- 
chiatric nurse, rehabilitation counselors, 
commercial artists and photographers, 
probation officers, an executive director 
of the Boy Scouts of America, Inc., ad 
agency executives, and an array of 
entrepreneurs and self-employed alumni. 
VCU degrees run the gamut from associ- 
ate's to M.D. to Ph.D., and with educa- 
tional backgrounds ranging from politi- 
cal science to occupational therapy. 
There's a history graduate working as a 
manager in a bank and a business man- 
agement graduate coaching athletics and 

teaching in high school. One alumnus, a 
self-employed nurse working as a 
freelance editor of trade journals, de- 
scribes the expertise she offers as "alter- 
natives to traditional careers in nursing." 

"We're a little short on counseling 
psychologists," says Yerian about the 
scope of professionals who have volun- 
teered for RamSCAN. "But, overall, 
we're pleased with the careers repre- 
sented by the group." 

Yerian says RamSCAN not only 
benefits students but also rounds out 
career planning and placement programs 
and services. The staff do not always 
have backgrounds in these fields and 
welcome help in advising students on 
specific careers. "If you want to know 
about job trends in health care or the ins 
and outs of corporate law, you really 
need to talk to the people in the field," 
she says. The office has focused on the 
methodology of finding a job and attain- 
ing career satisfaction, with services 
ranging from how to write a resume to 
making a midlife career change. Now, 
with RamSCAN, the staff also can 
provide students a way to get current, 
specific advice on their professional 

Says Yerian, "The kind of advice 
alumni give can be just informational — 
what a certain career involves and what 
the best courses would be to take in 
college — or it can be more personal — for 
example, what life is like as a radiolo- 
gist." In some cases, students want to 
make sure their resumes will impress 
potential employers; RamSCAN alumni 
can cast themselves in the role of em- 
ployer, look over the resume, and pro- 

vide feedback. Other students simply 
want a little reassurance about their 
choice of a major and career goal; in 
these cases, alumni can give students a 
pep talk. 

Or, just the opposite: "Some students 
talk to alumni who give them tough 
answers. Students may come away not so 
sure anymore about their choices and 
goals," says Yerian. "That can happen 
and, sometimes, needs to happen." 

This outcome does not necessarily 
mean the student should give up his or 
her career aspirations. "Usually," says 
Yerian, "it just means the student needs 
to give it a little more thought, or 
perhaps delay a career plan for the time 
being, in favor of a more realistic job 
path after graduation. 

"Students shouldn't get discouraged 
when their plans appear to he wrong 
choices," she continues. "They're not 
always wrong. It's just that the students 
have had a taste of reality, which is, of 
course, the major benefit of RamSCAN." 

The staff maintain tight control over 
students' interaction with alumni. Says 
Yerian, "We don't hand out alumni 
phone numbers or addresses to students 
and then hope everything works out. We 
prepare students before they begin 
making contacts." While the alumni 
have volunteered to be there for stu- 
dents, it is never up to an alumnus to 
guide the interview — the student must 
make it a success. 

To help students, the office has pre- 
pared a series of protocols for establish- 
ing contact, conducting the interview, 
and following up. Sample interview 
questions, which students can follow to 
guide their interviews with alumni, are 
included in the protocols. Students also 
are advised to allow about 45 minutes for 
an interview and stick to the time limit. 

"Interviewing an alumnus is a lot like 
interviewing for a job," points out 
Yerian. "There are certain basics every 
student should know before he or she 
goes job-hunting." 

In addition to questions about the job 
description, necessary experience and 
education, and future prospects in the 
field, students are advised to be sure they 
ask about the lifestyle. Students may not 
ask alumni what their salaries are, but, 
says Yerian, they should ask what the 

entry-level and average salaries are in 
the field. In some cases, students should 
ask what obligations the work can place 
on an employee outside the ordinary 
work week or whether the alumnus must 
travel or expect to be transferred. Ques- 
tions about benefits and vacation time 
also are appropriate. 

"The follow-up entails sending a letter 
of thanks to the alumnus," says Yerian. 
"It's the briefest phase of the process, but 
it's probably the most important." 

Yerian says feedback from both stu- 
dents and alumni, which they provide 
on an evaluation card they receive after 
the interview, has been impressive. "The 
alumni have been particularly pleased 
with the quality ot the VCU students 
they're seeing," says Yerian. One physi- 
cian's note about his student read, "very 
professional and thoughtful young 
woman — even sent a thank-you note!" 

"The professional conduct of the 
students makes the alumni feel good 
about the school and the degrees they 
received here," says Yerian. Many 
alumni, in fact, have responded with the 
wish that RamSCAN had been available 
to them when they were students. But 
the most frequent sentiment was ex- 
pressed by an alumnus who noted about 
his student, "1 hope that Steve came 
away from this with a better feel for 
what engineers do. 1 enjoyed participat- 
ing and hope it helps." 

Some alumni, however, have indi- 
cated, "My student never showed up for 
the appointment." The biggest problem 
with the program has been the logistics. 
"Sometimes a student doesn't have 
transportation and misses the interview, 
or an alumnus has moved and our infor- 
mation is out of date," says Yerian. 
"That can he frustrating for both the 
student and the alumnus." Rarely will a 
student simply forget about an appoint- 
ment, though that too has happened. 

"Of course, that's very unprofessional, 
and the student is hurt by it," says 
Yerian. "If some students aren't really 
serious, that can't be helped. We try to 
screen them for this, but most of the 
students are serious." 

Even alumni whose students miss an 
interview or land a job the day before an 
appointment ("It happens occasionally," 
says Yerian), still want to remain on iile. 
"They'll get together eventually," she 
says. "The volunteers are really dedi- 
cated to helping the students." 

Yerian says the staff monitor Ram- 
SCAN alumni volunteers as closely as 
they prepare students for interviews. In 
one case, a student interviewed with an 
alumnus who turned out to be rather 
opinionated about the people working in 
his field. "It was a mixed blessing for the 
student," says Yerian. "She came away 
with good information about the profes- 
sion but from someone who obviously 
was a bit jaded." The staff tagged his file 
to alert future users, but they did not 
remove his name from the list because 
the student assured the staff that his 
information was valuable to her. "At 
least she didn't come away too dis- 
couraged. In fact, his attitude probably 
helped her to accept some of the nega- 
tive aspects of her career goal." 

Yes — alumni can interview with 
RamSCAN alumni, too. "Their advice 
is especially helpful to alumni who are 
considering a career change," says Yer- 
ian. "The career-changer can ask the 
RamSCAN participant for information 
on re-education or additional prepara- 
tion for the field." 

Career planning and placement staff 
recently had occasion to take advantage 
of RamSCAN for their own benefit. The 
staff decided they needed to do a better 
job of marketing their programs and 
services but didn't know how to go about 
it. They searched the RamSCAN volun- 
teer file and found an alumnus working 
as a product development manager who 
met with them and gave them advice on 
how to get started. 

So, whether you're a student planning 
your course schedule or an alumnus 
thinking about a new career, maybe your 
next step should be a phone call to 
Career Planning &. Placement. "Ram- 
SCAN is still a fairly young program, 
and we have some bugs to work out," 
says Yerian, "but everything so far tells 
us that it's turning into a valuable 
university service." 

And, if you want to volunteer? Says 
Yerian; "We'd love to hear from you." S 


For mure information, contact Career 
PLinnmg & Placement, Box 2007, Rich- 
mond, VA 23284-0001; (804) 257-1645. 

V \ 




■ is. 



,0 ' 






By Elaine Jones 

ne of today's 
geographic hot 
spots is Lebanon, 
located in a hotter 
spot, the Middle 
East, which has 
come to mean 
intractable war in 
the minds of many 
observers. Gone are the days in the 
1970s when oil embargos threatened our 
pocketbooks and upset our sensibilities 
with gasoline lines wrapped around the 
block. In their place is terrorism, endan- 
gering the lives of passengers on cruise 
ships and patrons in airports. The Berlin 
of the 1980s is Beirut, Lebanon — once 
the jewel of the Middle East, a major 
international banking center, and one of 
the world's most popular resorts — now 
its East and West divided by the so- 
called Green Line along which militias 
exchange sniper fire. 

Last October, Dr. Dennis Poole, 
assistant professor, and Dr. Thomas 
Carlton, professor, of VCU's School of 
Social Work, along with Joyce Salhoot 
of the Baylor College of Medicine, 
traveled to the island of Cyprus, only 20 
minutes away from Lebanon by air. They 
met with Lebanese professionals about 
the status of medical rehabilitation 
programs and social work services in 
Lebanon. They couldn't meet in Leba- 
non because of hostilities there; the 
Mediterranean Sea had just served as the 
site for the hijacking of Aquille Lauro, on 
which one American was brutally mur- 
dered. To hear Poole and Carlton de- 
scribe their experiences, however, for 
them the conference might have taken 
place in downtown Richmond. 

"We never felt personally threatened, 
being so close to everything," said Poole. 
"Our hosts, the Cypriots, were more 
concerned for our safety than we actu- 
ally felt for ourselves." The Cypriots 
were so concerned, in fact, that they 
provided undercover private security for 
Poole and Carlton — "It wasn't until two 
days into the conference that we finally 
figured out who those men were who 
were tailing us," said Carlton. 

The 19 Lebanese participants were 
affiliated with the three major religions 
and their numerous sects found in 
Lebanon. The group included the Greek 
Orthodox and Maronite Christians, as 
well as Sunni and Shi'ite Muslims, and a 
third Islamic sect, the Druze. Poole and 
Carlton never expected war to break out 
across the conference table, but the 
generous spirit and professional conduct 
of the Lebanese seemed to mock the 
tensions in Beirut paraded across Ameri- 
can television screens. Simply, everyone 
settled down for five days of serious 
discussion about a universal aspect of the 
human condition: disability. 

The World Rehabilitation Fund, Inc., 
which sponsored the Cyprus conference, 
helps developing countries improve 
services to their disabled citizens and 
training for professionals. Founded in 
1955, the WRF has assisted some 150 
countries in programs for rehabilitation 
of disabled people and sponsored over 20 
international conferences and seminars. 
Some of the WRF's support has come in 

the form of over $26 million in grants 
and gifts. 

Disability is no small matter. The 
World Health Organization estimates 
that about 10 percent of the world's 
people suffer from some form of a physi- 
cal or mental disability. The WHO 
predicts that by the year 2000 the num- 
ber of disabled people will be at 580 
million, up from an estimated 387 
million in 1975. Some experts put the 
prevalence of disability at over 12 per- 
cent, with the expectation that 846 
million people will be disabled in the 
twenty-first century. Seventy-five per- 
cent of the world's disabled people live 
in developing countries. One of the 
most prevalent global causes of disability 
is malnutrition. 

Disabilities, reported Poole to the 
Lebanese group, encompass an array of 
problems. A disabling condition can be 
musculoskeletal, cardiovascular, mental, 
digestive, or respiratory. Some people 
are disabled by arthritis or rheumatism, 
others by car accidents or birth defects. 
Heart trouble and stroke complications 
disable people all over the world, as do 
substance abuse problems, such as 
cirrhosis of the liver due to alcoholism or 
emphysema brought on by cigarette 
smoking. Depression prevents millions of 
people from living productive lives. 
Ulcers, chronic bronchitis, cancer, 
asthma — and the list goes on. 

Disability in developing countries is 
caused primarily by uncontrolled infec- 
tious disease, said Poole, which can 
result from a variety of social and envi- 
ronmental conditions. By contrast, in 
developed countries, like the U.S., most 
disabilities result from road accidents, 
chronic mental illness, developmental 
conditions (such as mental retardation 
and cerebral palsy), and problems that 
come with aging. The WHO groups the 
medical causes of disability into the 
categories of congenital disorders, com- 
municable disease, noncommunicable 
disease, functional psychiatric distur- 
bance, chronic alcoholism and drug 
abuse, trauma, and, of course, malnutri- 
tion. These categories cover just about 

every affliction known to humanity, any 
one of which can disable a person for 

The scope of this definition of disabil- 
ity reflects a radical change in attitude 
that has occurred over the last 60 years. 
In the 1920s, said Poole, the traditional 
view encompassed only impairment 
medically diagnosed as a physical defect 
that reduces an individual's ability to 
cope with the demands of everyday life. 

what handicapped people experience 
everyday as reality: social reactions, both 
overt and subtle, create handicaps, not 
the impairment per se," noted Poole in 
his introduction to the Lebanese partici- 
pants. What's normal, in other words, 
depends on society's — not the dis- 
abled's — definition. Handicaps, con- 
cluded the WHO experts who studied 
the issue, are culturally and socially 

In 1958 the WHO found this classifica- 
tion to be too narrow; but it wasn't until 
1969 that mental impairments were 
officially included in the definition of 

In 1980 the experts again levied 
criticism at the definition. They broad- 
ened it to permit treatment of all aspects 
of a disabled person's life — the personal 
and social as well as the medical and 
vocational. Until then, pointed out 
Poole, disabilities had still been viewed 
strictly as attributes of the impaired 
people with no thought to "society's 

The experts finally recognized "just 

One of the more mundane results of 
the new attitude can be found on the 
street corner. Old street curbs prevented 
wheelchair-bound citizens from easy 
access onto and off of sidewalks, serving 
as a daily reminder to them that they 
didn't fit in. Reconstructing street curbs 
to accommodate wheelchairs became a 
sort of awareness-at-large that a person 
in a wheelchair is, indeed, normal. 

Enter the holistic view of programs for 

the disabled. Poole addressed the Leba- 
nese on the biopsychosocial perspective, 
as the holistic view is called, that has 
been gaining acceptance among U.S. 
social workers in the last five years. 
"Any effort to rehabilitate the disabled 
must not only enable the impaired 
person to function at an adequate and 
personally satisfying level but also enable 
the family and the community to accom- 
modate the physical, psychological, and 
social needs of its disabled members," 
said Poole. What the new attitude 
achieves is movement away from institu- 
tionalization and toward the integration 
of the disabled into the mainstream of 
community life. 

Poole said that overall the Lebanese 
are about ten years behind the U.S. in 
training and services. Today, the U.S. 
has moved toward mainstreaming in 
public schools and independent living 
arrangements for the disabled. Lebanon, 
said Poole, still wants to know how best 
to spend scarce resources on better 
institutions rather than redistributing 
some of these resources for community- 
based services. While in some respects 
Poole and Carlton had to raise the level 
of their presentations to meet the exist- 
ing expertise and attitudes of the group, 
in others they found themselves intro- 
ducing radical ideas. 

Competitive employment for the 
disabled was one of them. Casting the 
disabled in the world of gainful employ- 
ment surprised many of the participants 
who believe the disabled are best served 
by institutions. For that matter, the 
Supported Work Services Model, which 
describes how the disabled can enter the 
mainstream of competitive employment, 
is still a fairly new idea in the U.S. 

Poole explained to the group that the 
social worker, in the context ot the 
model, takes into account the whole 
person: the disability in light of his or 
her talents and the needs of the poten- 
tial job site. Operating within the model 
often requires the social worker to go to 
the job site, learn the job, then train the 
disabled person. Throughout the proc- 
ess, the disabled person receives career 

counseling, such as how to conduct an 
interview, and personal counseling to 
overcome his or her fears and to deal 
with prejudice at work. Follow-up with 
the supervisor is crucial to the success of 
the model; early, constant consultation 
with the disabled person's employer 
helps to ensure both will survive the first 
stages of employment, eventually allow- 
ing each to be weaned from the social 
worker and to carry on independently. 

Implementing the model, said Poole, 
of course costs society money. But the 
possible results — the disabled earning a 
living, paying taxes, moving out of an 
institution in many cases, and generally 
needing less and less of the government's 
largesse — could pay off in the long run. 
This especially piqued the interest of the 
Lebanese who face funding the Hercu- 
lean task of putting back together many 
of their 48 hospitals and institutions that 
were damaged or destroyed by recent 

A few sessions presented difficulties for 
some participants because of religious 
teachings. "Human Sexuality and the 
Disabled," for example, raised a few 
Muslim eyebrows. Carlton noted that 
some people interpret the Koran as 
forbidding a disabled man, such as a 
paraplegic or quadraplegic, to marry if 
he could not have children. 

"Others, however, point out that this 
is a slight misinterpretation of the 
Koran," said Carlton, "which they 
believe stipulates only that a man may 
not marry if he cannot have sexual 
relations, not if he cannot father 

"Regardless," added Carlton, "we 
found the group at least receptive to new 

information even if there might have 
been confusion or problems because of 

In fact, one of the more reassuring 
status reports during the conference 
came from the translators. Midway 
through the week, Poole asked one of 
the translators how everyone was faring, 
given the language barriers (English, 
French, and Arabic were the main 
languages to be translated) and some 
of the more progressive ideas being 

"She explained that usually the trans- 
lators pick up side remarks in Arabic if a 
session isn't going well or something 
angers a participant or isn't taken seri- 
ously," said Poole. " 'So far,' she said to 
me, 'we haven't heard any cracks in 
Arabic. You're doing fine.' 

One obvious reason Lebanon is 
slightly behind the times is the crippling 
effects of the country's history of politi- 
cal strife and, of late, hostilities along 
Lebanon's borders. While Lebanon has 
its fair share of disability, recent conflicts 
have exacerbated their problems. Just 
knowing who and where the disabled are 
has proved to be a census-taker's night- 
mare. Until 1981, in fact, no official 
counting had ever been undertaken. 
The WRF, in a 1982 report sponsored by 
the Agency for International Develop- 
ment, U.S. Department of State, re- 
viewed the only two reports on disability 
in existence, conducted independently 
in 1981 by the private Lebanese organi- 
zation CARITAS and the government's 
Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs. 

Each census, the WRF discovered, 
used a different methodology, so the 
reports' figures could not be compared, 
nor could one report be favored as more 
accurate over the other. Furthermore, 
casualties from the June to September 
1981 air attack on Beirut were not 
counted at all. Unknown numbers of 
civilians were evacuated to Israel, Cy- 
prus, Greece, Libya, and Syria, reported 
the WRF, and some people were trans- 
ferred from one hospital to another and 

in some cases to a third when the second 
was forced to shut down. The WRF also 
found most of the existing reports on 
petsons severely handicapped during the 
1981 crisis to be anecdotal. Finally, no 
formal study or survey was made of 
disability among the more than 90,000 
refugees and displaced persons in the 
camps and settlements in West Beirut 
and South Lebanon as a result of the 
air strike. 

Poole said the WRF instructed them 
to shy away from the topic of Lebanon's 
conflicts during the conference. Still, it 
provided an inevitable backdrop to the 
meeting on a number of levels. The 
Muslims were able to fly to Cyprus, but 
the Christians had to settle for a 12-hour 
boat trip across the Mediterranean, since 
Muslim militias currently control 
Beirut's airports. Many Lebanese social 
workers literally cannot get to their 
clients, or their clients to them, because 
of the numerous checkpoints the militias 
have set up across the country. Since the 
conference could not be held in Leba- 

non, Poole and Carlton could not see 
what's left of Lebanon's facilities for the 
disabled. And Lebanon's National 
Association of Social Workers hasn't 
been able to hold a national meeting in 
five years because of the war. 

Most poignant of all were the Leba- 
nese participants, worried about the 
families and friends they left behind to 
go to Cyprus. One woman, recalled 
Poole, panicked when she couldn't reach 
her family back in Lebanon after she 
arrived at the conference. It turned out 
that they had simply gone out for 
awhile: "She cried with relief when she 
reached them a few hours later," said 
Carlton. The first thing each Lebanese 
did on the day of arrival, in fact, was 
phone home, "to make sure the kids got 
home from school or that everyone was 
still okay." 

Carlton realized soon into the confer- 
ence that this level of anxiety is an 


everyday condition of life in Lebanon. 
"They're always doing this — checking on 
each other, watching for the kids after 
school or someone returning from a 
shopping trip. It's an intense level 
of concern quite unfamiliar to us 

What Poole and Carlton found pleas- 
antly surprising, however, was the 
optimism among the Lebanese partici- 
pants. "We found the Lebanese to be 
incredibly resourceful in light of their 
desperate situation," said Carlton. 

One participant representing the Red 
Cross told the others of how she man- 
aged to set up services for the disabled 
along Beirut's Green Line. She first had 
to convince the local leaders in the area 
that the symbol of the red cross did not 
stand for a Christian sect, or any reli- 
gious sect. Once she convinced them of 
this, the leaders sent volunteers whom 
she trained to work with the disabled in 
the area. She also convinced the various 
militia leaders to cease shelling the area. 
If they could fight elsewhere, she rea- 
soned, her programs would succeed. 
Eventually, she extracted protection from 
the militias, and she was in business. 

Progress in rehahil.ijtation for the 
disabled, noted Poqle, will not necessar- 
ily be impeded by Lebanon's religious 
differences. "The disabled themselves 
will see that more of their needs are met 
and attitudes begin to change. In the 
U.S., with some exceptions, it wasn't 
the politicians or the government or 
even the professionals that began revolu- 
tionizing attitudes and changing rehabil- 
itation programs, but the disabled and 
their guardians who took the initiative. 
There's every reason to believe the same 
thing will happen in Lebanon." 

Indeed most of the 19 participants 
represented Lebanon's private organiza- 
tions, both secular and religious, not the 
government. Some groups were created 
by the disabled, such as the Lebanese 
Association for the Sitting Handi- 

capped, a group formed by wheelchair- 
bound citizens. 

"Religious differences appear to be the 
least of the people's worries, even if the 
militias use religion to justify their 
existence," said Carlton. "The individ- 
ual groups have responded to Lebanon's 
needs and, so far, seem to be doing a 
good job of getting help to the disabled 
under the most intolerable conditions." 

Extension of friendship also character- 
ized the spirit of the participants. Both 
Poole and Carlton noted that "the 
Lebanese love to have a good time, and 
the Cypriots were quite accommodating 
in this regard." Everyone, without 
exception, got along farhously during the 
conference, they said. In one case a 
Shi'ite Muslim participant found herself 
facing a number of potentially compro- 
mising situations in attempting to social- 
ize with the other participants. 

"The Shi'ites practically forbid their 
members to be in the same room with 
alcohol, let alone drink it, which pre- 
sented difficulties for her after hours," 
said Poole. She faced spending her 
evenings alone in her hotel room. But a 
Catholic nun soon recognized her deli- 
cate position and befriended her. By 
chaperoning her constantly, the nun 
ensured no one could call into question 
the Shi'ite's moral conduct, and she was 
able to relax and enjoy the company of 
her new friends. 

Poole and Carlton did not emerge 
unaffected by the situation confronting 
the Lebanese. They came away with a 
sense of hope, not only about rehabilita- 
tion for Lebanon's disabled but also 
about the Lebanese people — but it was 
tempered by a better understanding of 
the palatable desperation of the political 
situation in Lebanon. 

"It was difficult watching them leave 
us, boarding their buses for transporta- 
tion back to Lebanon, the Christians on 
one bus for the boat trip, the Muslims 
on another for the plane trip. They were 
singing and joking and laughing with 
one another and also crying together the 
last day of the conference. It was hard, 
knowing just a little about what they're 
all returning to," said Carlton. 

"It was a very emotional farewell." S 

Photographs courtesy of the Press and 
Information Office, Embassy of Cyprus, 
Washington, D.C. 


By Rick Alekna 

ver the past few 
years, while many 
were still assessing 
the aftermath of 
the breakup of 
AT&T, college 
faculty were 
experimenting in a 
new field and 
learning a new language. Intermittent 
exchanges of this new language have 
been heard recently at VCU: 

"At first we thought we would 
downlink it at WCVE and shoot it over 
on the ITFS, but then a vendor donated 
a portable TVRO so we could feed it 
into an Aquastar in the Commons." 
"Great! What bird you using?" 
"Westar IV, lOD!" 
Needless to say, changes have oc- 
curred. These changes are a result of a 
revitalization of the telecommunications 
industry. Prices have plummeted, and 
new technologies have been introduced, 
placing a huge new resource at the 
fingertips of educators. Several technol- 
ogies, used separately or in aggregate, are 
actually eroding the old constraints of 
space/time and allowing VCU faculty to 
be in several places at once and our 
students to attend class at their worksites 
or at home. 

The list of technologies is long. Some 
of these new educational tools, however. 


include the microwave, a narrow beam, 
closed-circuit transmission used to send 
televised classroom signals over long 
distances (40 miles); the Instructional 
Television Fixed System (ITFS), an 
omni-directional, closed-circuit broad- 
cast system used to deliver educational 
programming to several points within a 
15-mile radius; TVROs, circular dish- 
shaped antennas that receive satellite 
signals (also called a dish or downlink); 
a bridge over which several telephone 
lines can be linked together in conjunc- 
tion with a television broadcast to allow 
viewers at distant sites to communicate 
with each other or with the televised 
instructor; and the satellite, a space craft 
22,300 miles in space that can receive a 
signal from earth, amplify it, and send it 
back. In the latter technology, a signal 
originating from Richmond could be 
received practically anywhere in the 
continental United States and even as 
far south as central South America. 
There's no limit on the number of 
TVROs that could receive the signal. 

These few items tell the tale: this new 
technology allows faculty to teach a class 
on campus and simultaneously at a 
potentially limitless number of sites 
around central Virginia, the Common- 
wealth, the U.S., or internationally. 

The Instructional Television (ITV) 
classroom is not much different from the 
traditional one. Additions include 
microphones on student desks, a special 
control booth, and two or three cameras 
to shoot different angles and materials. 
Generally, the teaching techniques are 
the same as they are for any well-taught 
class, hut more care is necessary in visual 
production and in getting students at 
distant sites to interact and feel a part of 
the class. Usually a few hours of training 
and some experience are all that faculty 
need to develop their tele-teaching 

Half a dozen factors are causing higher 
education to embrace these new elec- 
tronic teaching tools. Telecommunica- 

tions technology these days is better, less 
cumbersome, cheaper, and tried and 
true. In fact, industry and education 
have teamed up in a number of instances 
to advance telecommunications technol- 
ogy. Additional factors include continual 
budget declines and insufficient faculty 
resources that cause our most important 
resource, our faculty, to feel strapped 
with demands on their time and exper- 
tise. Finally, our clientele has changed: 
students are older, have regular employ- 
ment, and have increased learning 
needs. For example, about two-thirds of 
VCU's student body are above the 
traditional college student age of 18-22. 
Nearly one-half of them are part-time 
students who work and have family 
responsibilities. They need their educa- 
tion for very specific reasons, and they 
need to get it in a more convenient 
way — one that allows them to continue 
work and be part ot their families. We've 
seen this demand for flexibility over the 
past couple of years in the rapid growth 
of off-campus class enrollments. The fact 
is we need help doing what we're sup- 
posed to do, and we're learning how to 
use telecommunications to help and to 
meet our responsibilities as educators. 
Recognizing the change in the tele- 
communications environment and 
feeling the pinch in resources, VCU 
created the Office ot Media Instruction 
under the Division of Continuing Stud- 
ies and Public Service just over a year 

ago. The main responsibilities of the 
office are to develop programming in and 
to provide administrative support for 
instructional telecommunications pro- 
grams — thereby providing increased 
access to VCU courses, new resources to 
the VCU community, and new profes- 
sional opportunities for the faculty and 
staff. After one year, the projects con- 
ducted by VCU departments in collabo- 
ration with the Office of Media Instruc- 
tion have been varied and impressive, 
serving nearly 400 students in 20 media- 
based credit offerings and another 3,000 
in noncredit programs. Highlights of the 
activities indicate the breadth and 
innovation of media instruction pro- 

• The School of Social Work's federal 
grant project is offering four state-wide, 
closed-circuit video conferences to train 
social service professionals in placing 
minority children more rapidly out of 
foster care into permanent homes. It 
ends with a six-state satellite telecon- 
ference showing other states how to 
replicate the project. The in-state series 
will be seen simultaneously in Fairfax, 
Blacksburg, Charlottesville, Richmond, 
and Norfolk. The six-state program will 


reach Delaware, Maryland, Washington, 
D.C. , West Virginia, Pennsylvania, and 

• The Department of English video- 
taped a series of readings hy nationally- 
known writers. Tapes will be used as 
instructional resources and as cable TV 
educational programming. 

• The Geriatrics Education Center's 
grant project included funding for three 
teleconferences per year tor the next 
three years on various current issues and 
research in geriatrics. These telecon- 
ferences will originate locally and be 
received in five sites around Virginia. 

• The Department of Health Admin- 
istration has received a grant from a 
private nursing home chain to support 
one faculty position for a year's project 
to develop media-based educational 
packages for a national clientele. 

• Student Activities/Student Com- 
mons sponsored a live satellite telecon- 
ference in February. The program in- 
cluded three live segments, one on the 
Great Directors from Los Angeles, a 
student activities convention from 
Washington, D.C, and a live, multi- 
media rock concert from London. 

• The School of Nursing will conduct 
an experiment in audio teleconference 
teaching this summer by dividing a class 
into two sections — one taught tradition- 
ally, the other taught simultaneously but 
via an audio link to another location. 
This project may lead to telecommunica- 
tions-delivered instruction for nurses in 

• The School of Social Work's De- 
cember conference on the impact of 
social programs of the sixties and seven- 
ties was taped and is in the process ot 
editing tor a spring air date on Rich- 
mond's PBS Channel 23. The panel 
included Herbert Hirsch (VCU), Jean 
Harris (former secretary of Virginia 
Health and Human Services), Joe Fisher 
(Virginia Health and Human Services), 
Henry Marsh (Richmond City Council), 
and Donald Edmunds (state republican 

• The School of Education received a 
state grant to offer a telecourse (open- 
broadcast) tor 75 area science teachers. 
Ninety-nine students are currently 

• The Department of Foreign Lan- 
guages received a Provost grant for 
innovative teaching to continue the 
development of its international audio 
network. A series ot six teleconferences 
with Italy and one each with Austria, 
France, and Spain are planned for 
instructional support and to further 

international understanding. 

• The Department of Recreation 
delivered a therapeutic recreation course 
via audio teleconferencing originating at 
VCU and delivered to the Woodrow 
Wilson Rehabilitation Center in Fishers- 
ville. Another course is in planning. 

• The School of Pharmacy has created 
a certificate program tor practicing 
pharmacists. Over 120 hours of lectures 
have been video-taped and supported by 
print materials to constitute the content. 
These materials are distributed around 
the state and city-by-city, and supported 
hy faculty consultations with students 
and on-site panel discussions. Pharma- 
cists all across Virginia can now access 






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VCU graduate pharmacy courses in their 
own locales. 

Initiating media-based educational 
programming is not easy; in fact, begin- 
ning anything new is difficult. However, 
VCU is working to overcome the hur- 
dles to the use of media instruction. The 
Offices of Media Instruction and Com- 
puting and Communications and the 
Media Services Division ot University 
Libraries are cooperating on facilities 
development to serve VCU's academic 

Internal Network. An upgrading and 


expansion of the video network on the 
MCV Campus is progressing, as is the 
installation of a backhone video network 
on the Academic Campus. A recent 
agreement worked out with a local cable 
company will tie the two campuses 
together and allow direct-from-campus 
access to 70,000 cable subscriber homes, 
businesses, and government locations. 
Proposals are circulating for increased 
production facilities and technical 

External Network. Proposals have been 
submitted for a microwave link to 
WCVE (Channel 23), which would give 
VCU access from campus to a statewide 
microwave system and to a satellite 
uplink. VCU already holds membership 
in the National University Telecon- 
ference Network, an ad hoc satellite 
network of over 100 colleges, and is 
currently exploring joining a health 
science network. A proposal also is 
circulating for the creation of the world's 
first permanent International Audio 
Network for education, which could be 
headquartered at VCU. 

These activities and special faculty 
training sessions are quickly spreading 
knowledge and expertise in electronic 
teaching. We're learning how to use 
these tools more effectively and effi- 
ciently, and we're creating new oppiir- 
tunities as we progress. 

VCU faculty also realize that their 
position carries a special responsibility — 
a concern for the future. And that future 
will demand more from us. We know our 
lives will not become less complex or 
less full. We know that educational 
needs will increase. Additionally, as 
citizens in a free society, we're keenly 
aware of the need for a well-educated 
public. A democracy simply cannot 
function without an informed public 
with critical thinking skills. It's the role 
of institutions like VCU to develop 
these skills and to disseminate informa- 
tion necessary to society. 

One startling fact is that within 50 
years the space economy will be as large 
as the whole of our current economy. 
The chore of the technology transfer and 
technical education necessary to meet 
this challenge is mindboggling. In 
addition, the entire health care industry 
is in upheaval, placing new demands for 
knowledge and expertise on its profes- 

sionals. Finally, the basic grounding of a 
solid liberal arts education is no less 
important in our complex modern 

VCU is stepping up to the challenge. 
In the future VCU will have access to 
several networks, internal and external, 
that will allow it to extend its resources 
as never before. Citizens of Virginia, be 
they on campus, in Hanover County, in 
Fairfax, or in Wytheville, will have easy 
access to programs. VCU's special 
expertise will even be available to the 
nation, or to Europe, Central America, 
and other continents. VCU, with higher 
education, is taking broad steps into a 
new era. S 

After serving as a communicatims intelli- 
gence analyst in the Air Force and complet- 
ing his education, Rick Alekna came to 
VCU in 1978 as a faculty member in the 
English department. Since that time he has 
served as assistant to the chairman of the 
English department; an admissums coun- 
selor; assistant director of evening, summer, 
and off-campus studies; and project director 
for the 1984 VCU Instructional Telecom- 
munications Study. Alehw currently serves 
VCU as director of the Office of Media 
Instruction. He was recently appointed 
chairman of the National University Tele- 
conference Network's Communications 
Resource Group, and he serves on 
NUTN's advisory board. 

Photography by Chip Mitchell. 


■;;-4;l; ^^-; -,"! 


By Paul Woody 

t the University of 
Kentucky, a 
handshake was 
worth $50, maybe 
even $100 on a 
good night. At 
Texas Christian 
University, four 
years of football 
was worth a lot more than 
tuition, room, board, 
and hooks. At 
Tulane Univer- 
sity, the players 
were greatly 
about not 
Kindness paid — 
in dollars and drugs. 
Tulane 's president 
was so impressed, he 
abolished the school's 
basketball program. At the University of 
Tennessee, two players, one of them a 
record-setting quarterback, were arrested 
for selling cocaine. The university 
immediately withdrew their scholarships, 
offering a new interpretation of the Bill 
of Rights; henceforth, at UT anyway, a 
person is guilty before proven innocent. 
At Arizona State University, a psychia- 
trist gave some members of the baseball 
team prescriptions for mind-altering 
drugs — despite evidence of their serious 
side effects — in order to improve their 
performances on the diamond. 
And that's today's sports report. 
There's never a dull moment in 
intercollegiate athletics these days; in 
fact, the action off the field is usually far 
more interesting than anything that 
takes place on it. Some observers are 

appalled by all this. Some aren't sur- 
prised, and some aren't concerned at all. 
Usually, the degree of concern depends 
on whether your team gets caught and 
whether it was winning at the time. 

At the University of Kentucky, where 
winning in basketball is a way of life, 
many boosters were outraged, not by the 
violations of NCAA rules, but by the 
newspaper that reported them. At 
Tulane, gamblers provided cash and 
cocaine for players to lose games delib- 
erately or shave points so big buc.ks 
could be made from bets. In the process 
of the investigation, it was discovered 
that the coach was paying at least one 
player and that cash was delivered to a 
player in shoe boxes in order to get him 
to agree to attend Tulane. Recently, 
Texas A&.M football players have admit- 
ted to receiving various illegal payments 
from boosters. Southern Methodist 
University is on probation regularly for 
violations of NCAA rules in its football 
program. And colleges all around the 
country are waiting to see who's next. 
And it could be almost anybody. And no 
one will be surprised. 

It's easy to be cynical about all this. 
Anyone associated with college athletics 
has known such violations have been 
occurring for years. The surprise is that 
they're finally being reported. 

It's hard not to violate NCAA rules. 
Some are ridiculous — athletes aren't 
supposed to use athletic department 
washers and dryers to wash their clothes, 
for example. Who cares? And it's also 
hard not to violate the rules because 
college athletics are a competitive 
business, and everyone's looking for 
an edge. 

College athletics are a highly lucrative 
endeavor — millions are made and 
spent — and when there's that much 
money involved, with all the pressure 
that comes with winning and earning 
more inoney, ethics can sometimes take 



■ k 

a backseat to profits. Some coaches get 
rich, many get ulcers, and all get caught 
in the rat race of winning. 

The only people who don't seem to be 
getting the maximum out of their invest- 
ment in college athletics are the ath- 
letes. Sure, they do all right. They 
always seem to dress well, never seem to 
be lacking for spending money, and 
more often than not have some means of 
transportation other than shoe leather. 
But there's this ideal many hold that the 
players of these games are student- 
athletes. After all, they're supposed to 
be in college to get an education, and 
their athletic endeavors are supposed to 
help them achieve success when they 
reach the competitive world of nonath- 
letics after graduation. That sounds nice. 
Whether it's actually happening is open 
for long and involved debate. 

College athletes seem to be doing 
everything hut graduating these days. 
The players are supposed to realize that 
they can't play ball all their lives. But in 
the back of practically every athlete's 
mind is one thought: professional career. 
And they're not thinking physician or 
lawyer or librarian. 

They should consider the odds. There 
are probably 20,000 to 30,000 college 
football players in Division I-A, Division 
I-AA, and Division II college football. 
Most of them hold the thought of mak- 
ing it in the pros when college ends. But 
in the NFL, there are 28 teams and 
about 1,500 jobs available. Even so, 
that's misleading because all those jobs 
aren't open every year. At the most, 
there's room for about 280 rookies each 
year in the NFL, and that's stretching 
things a bit. 

In professional basketball, the odds 
are even longer. There are only 23 teams 
in the NBA, providing 246 jobs. There 
are about 2,400 players in Division I 
college basketball alone. That doesn't 
count Division II and III players, players 
who graduated and played in Europe for 
a year or two, and players who were cut 
by pro teams and spent a season or so 
playing semipro basketball. 

Even if a player makes it in the pros, 
that's no indication that he's got life on 
easy street forever. The average length of 
a pro career is about four years, and the 
average salary in the NFL is $188,000. 
Like all average salaries, that's inflated 

by the superstars who make $500,000 a 
year. Those aren't exactly statistics on 
which you plan an early retirement. 

College athletes need to be prepared 
to hold real jobs. 

So, what is the NCAA, the govern- 
ing body of college athletics, doing 
about it? What's the NCAA doing in 
light of evidence that college athletes 
aren't getting educations, that college 
athletes are being paid, that some ath- 
letes aren't qualified for or prepared to 
do college work, that college athletes 
aren't graduating? Here's one thing the 
NCAA is doing. It's telling high school 
athletes they're going to have to shape 
up or they're not going to get into 

Proposition 48, NCAA Bylaw 5-l-(j), 
states that to participate in Division I-A 
or I-AA football or Division I basketball 
or any other Division I sport, the high 
school athlete must score at least 700 on 
his Standardized Aptitude Tests (SATs); 
and have a 2.0 (C) grade point average 
in a curriculum that includes at least 
three years of English, two years of 
math, two years of social science, and 
two years of natural or physical science, 
including at least one laboratory class if 
offered by the high school. 

At a recent NCAA meeting, the 
members voted for a two-year period of 
adjustment to these requirements. In the 
interim, a sliding scale will he used to 
determine admissions. For example, if 
an athlete has a 1.8 GPA, he can still 
qualify for a Division I scholarship (I-A 
and I-AA in football) by scoring a 740 
on his SATs. He could get in with a 660 
on the SATs, provided the GPA was 

They probably meant well, but what 
the NCAA did was open up a whole 
new area of problems. How many argu- 
ments do you think will take place 
between coaches and admissions officers 
as to whether Nick Noodle actually has 
a 1.7 or a L76, which could he rounded 
off to a L8? Transcripts have been 
altered in the past. With so much at 
stake and eligibility so close, won't the 
temptation be great to do so again? 

Even if things go perfectly, this creates 
an enormous administrative problem: 
someone has to bring all this together. 
Should it be high school counselors, 
who are already overworked? Should jt 
be high school coaches who are over- 
worked and underpaid? Should it be 
each individual college? The NCAA, in 

effect, has taken another one of its 
indefinitive stands. 

The NCAA has already decreed that 
athletes who attend a junior college 
must graduate with a 2.0 GPA before 
they can enroll in a Division I college. 
That's all well and good; if you're going 
to go to college, you should be prepared 
for the academic work you'll face there. 
But isn't there a flaw in here? The 
NCAA wants junior college athletes to 
graduate; it demands that high school 
graduates be well-versed in a variety of 
subjects. But not one voice in the 
NCAA has made mention of having 
these Division 1, four-year college 
athletes graduate. Right now, coaches 
and universities who can brag of having 
the majority of their athletes graduate 
within four or even five years are excep- 
tions. Notable exceptions. 

Whenever the suggestion is made that 
scholarships available should be based on 
the graduation rate of team members, a 
cry is heard across the land. Usually, it 
goes something like this: "It's unfair to 
expect every college athlete to graduate. 
Already the graduation rate within the 
football/basketball program is higher 
than that of the rest of the student 

That's an interesting point. Does the 
rest of the student body have access to 
free tutors? Mandatory study halls? An 
academic advisor who guides them into 
majors and classes? It's as if the NCAA 
is saying, "You guys aren't going to 
embarrass us anymore. When we get 
you, there's going to be no question that 
you belong in college. We're not too 
concerned about what you do once you 
get to college, though. As long as it's 
not illegal." 

That's a bit harsh. Consider this: at a 
recent NCAA convention, rules were 
passed for testing athletes for drugs, but 
nowhere was one word mentioned of 
treatment of or rehabilitation for ath- 
letes who are found to have drug prob- 
lems. (VCU's faculty chairman on 
athletics. Dr. Steve Danish, chairman of 
the psychology department, voted 
against the rule, which passed over- 
whelmingly, because it made no mention 
of treatment for athletes who have drug 
problems. ) 

Sure, there are colleges and coaches 
that look after their kids. They try to get 
them through school, and they try to get 


them routed toward jobs they can hold 
for a lifetime. But those kinds of coaches 
and colleges seem to be fewer and fewer. 
And the problem is that from the very 
beginning, athletes receive an unrealistic 
view of their lives. 

They show up for a recruiting visit, 
and they're set up with a beautiful coed, 
treated as if they're visiting royalty, and 
see a jersey with their name and number 
on it hanging in the locker room. 

"All this can be yours, Oscar Over- 
achiever, if you'll just say you'll come 
here to Fountainpen College." It's akin 
to winning on a game show with the 
announcer listing all your prizes. The 
good times can stop, though, if the 
athlete just isn't the player the coach 
thought when he was recruiting him. 
That can be rough. 

In the name of fiscal responsibility, 
the NCAA decided to allow its members 
to award scholar'-'iips on a yearly basis. 
Now athletes aren't guaranteed four 
years of tuition-free education; instead, 
at the end of each school year, the coach 
decides whose scholarships will be 
renewed and whose will not. 

Certainly coaches make mistakes 
when they're recruiting and get players 
whose characters are at best question- 
able, at worst intolerable. Perhaps there 
should be some redress in such instances. 
But this isn't it, because it's used far 
more often to rid a program of an athlete 
who, for whatever reason, isn't as tal- 
ented as the coach originally thought or 
isn't producing as the coach desires. 

Most coaches aren't blatant enough to 
clean house every season. But if you 
were an athlete and a recruiter made a 
mistake and you really weren't capable of 
playing at a certain level, would you 
want it hanging over your head that your 
coach could say, "Hey, thanks for your 
time. Now get lost."? It doesn't happen 
often, but it happens. 

The NCAA also has decreed that 
scholarship athletes cannot hold outside 
employment during the school year. Of 
course, this is to ensure that Harry 
Overzealous, the alumnus who owns 
most of downtown, doesn't just put one 
of the players on the payroll. The 
NCAA also doesn't want star athletes 
using their names to sell cars, insurance, 
or soft drinks. Coaches, of course, can 
do that, but not players. 

What the rule does is prevent athletes 

(who aren't bankrolled under the table 
by a sugar daddy) from earning money 
needed to live as well as the nonstudent- 
athlete who has a part-time job. What 
we have are papermache ethics, rampant 
hypocrisy, and the potential for scandal 
after money-induced scandal. 

And why not.' Athletes take a look at 
the examples they have to follow and 
follow them. Usually, the coach has a 
contract with a shoe company worth five 
or six figures. A local car dealer invari- 
ably provides a car. He makes money oft 
a television program and from running a 
summer camp. And he never takes a 
shot or plays a lick ot defense. When the 
athlete sees the school and the coach 
making money, how can anyone be 
surprised when he feels he ought to be 
making a few bucks as well? 

If athletes are looking to NCAA 
administrators as pillars ot strength, 
they'd best turn their eyes in another 
direction. Some high-ranking NCAA 
officials have been reported to have 
received low-interest loans from the 
bank where the NCAA keeps the bulk 
ot its $40 million in funds. Sort of makes 
you think of the NCAA as Jed Clampett 
and the bankers as Milburn Drysdale 
(provided you're old enough to remem- 
ber the Beverly Hillbillies). 

The NCAA talks about cleaning 
things up, but it never does anything. 
It's past time for the NCAA to take 
some of the responsibility fi)r what's 
going on and not continue to pass rules 
that put the onus for change entirely on 
the athletes, who enter college as 18- 
and 19-year-olds. 

The NCAA can do nothing and 
continue with the same system, make 
legitimate changes that will bring college 
athletics into the late twentieth century, 
or return to the "good old days." 

Proposal I. We know what will happen 
if things continue as they are. Every year 
or so, a major scandal will break. Coach 
Jim Goodheart will be shocked to learn 
that alumni have been quietly slipping 
players oil wells, thoroughbred horses, 
and expensive sports cars. It's those 
darned boosters again. Coach Goodheart 
will say. Danged if I can control them. 
They mean well. It's just that they're, 
well, overzealous. 

Fans of the school will rage at the 
reporters who "uncover" these heinous 
crimes, the NCAA will investigate, the 
school will be placed on probation for a 
year or two, and life will go on. 

It's an interesting little game; right 
now, it's the only game in town. If the 
colleges want to keep it that way, fine. 
Everyone should realize, though, that it's 
not always the "other" guy who gets 
caught. And, if they do get caught, they 
should accept the punishment like adults 
instead of running around crying con- 
spiracy and saying, "Why us? You can 
find the same thing at any other major 
university in the country." 

Act like adults: you take the risk, you 
accept the consequences when the risk 

But it doesn't have to be that way. 

Proposal U. One suggestion is to pay 
athletes. Actually, so many people 
blanche at the words, "pay college 
athletes," that it's always referred to as 
"give athletes a monthly stipend of about 
$100." It's a nice idea, but it's not going 
to correct anything. Why, most stars will 
ask, should I take a pay cut? 

Before any of this gets cleared up, 
certain facts have to be faced. There are 
athletes in college who aren't really 
college material. That's not a crime. 
Borderline students are admitted to 
college all the time. It's just that if they 
don't make it, they should do something 
else. Today college athletes who can't 
make it hang around for tqur years, and 
then they're gone. / 

The thing that's wrong is that we 
pretend these nonscholar-athletes are 
actual students. Then, we shake our 
heads in disgust when one finishes his 
college eligibility but has fifth-grade 
verbal skills. 

Why don't we quit moaning and do 
something about it? If a kid wants to 
play for State U, but doesn't really 
belong in classes at State U, let's be 
reasonable. Let him work for State U 
and let State U pay him for that work. 
He can work in the library or the cafete- 
ria. He can work in a State U funded 
recreation project, or go door-to-door on 
research projects. He can work for 
buildings and grounds and learn how to 
be a plumber or carpenter or electrician. 
He can work tor an office ot student life 
or in the university-run day care center. 
He can work in the print shop or the 
history department. 

It must be a real job with real respon- 
sibility and not merely making sure the 
lights are off in the chemistry lab each 
night or that the grass on the football 
field is growing (especially if it's artificial 


turf). This way, athletes are a legitimate 
part ot the university community instead 
of hired guns. And when their eligibility 
is up, he might have a job skill that will 
enable him to exist or even succeed in 
the real world. 

Now, that doesn't solve the problem. 
Sherm Easystreet of the booster club still 
is going to want to spend his money. But 
instead of slapping it into the palms of 
Billy Basketball, Sherm can deposit it in 
a university fund that will provide or 
supplement the "stipend fund" that 
provides for the athletes. 

Already, you can hear the cry — 
"That's stereotyping. Some kids will 
always be funneled into jobs, while 
others take classes." 

There's a way around that: freshmen 
can't play varsity sports anymote. In- 
stead, they'll play on low-profile fresh- 
man teams and use their freshman year 
to find out if they're cut out for college 
or should consider other options. After 
that, they'll have four years of varsity 
eligibility remaining. Redshirting (hold- 
ing an athlete out a year in order to 
extend his college career) will he discon- 
tinued, except for medical reasons. This 
way, an athlete might discover that 
college courses really aren't for him, and 
he has to throw himself into his other 

Or, he might find out he can make it 
in college if he takes only one or two 
courses at a time. And the same support 
systems now in place, academic advising 
and tutoring, will still exist. But the 
athlete really will have to do his own 
work. If he finds that he can't make it in 
college or that he just doesn't want to 
make it in college, at least he finishes his 
eligibility with some money and a skill 
that will enable him to have a job with a 

The athletes who choose to take a full 
load of classes might wonder about all 
this. After all, it's a lot less stressful to 
work in the library than it is to study for 
a biology final. 

One way to handle that is simply 
remind the student-athlete that his 
earning potential once he graduates is 
far greater than that of the working 
athlete. As you might remember, that's 
what your advisor and parents always 
said when you mentioned the fact that 
this college education deal was overrated 
and who really cared about wackos like 

that Hamlet, anyway, and do you realize 
how much air conditionet and refrigera- 
tion workers make an hour? 

Of course, Steven Starstruck, who has 
been the All-American boy all these 
years, expects a bit more than that. To 
encourage him to graduate, some of Big 
Jim Moneybags' contributions will be 
placed in a trust fund, and every athlete 
who graduates within five years of his 
enrollment date gets a monetary reward. 
But only if he graduates. 

To make all this work, the NCAA has 
to take a rather hard line (which, in 
itself, could be a problem). Violators 
would have to be punished severely, 
especially for recruiting violations such 
as ptomising players high-paying, low- 
efi^ort jobs. Such punishments would 
include no part of the lucrative televi- 
sion money that's available, not even a 
share a school might get as a member of 
a conference; immediate dismissals; and 
suspensions of programs. 

Boosters' roles in the program would 
be limited to making donations to the 
athletic fund, wearing outlandish outfits 
to games, and cheering wildly. Coaches, 
athletic directors, and everyone else 
involved in the program would be 
directly responsible for these policies. 
But it will work only if the price for 
getting caught cheating is greater than 
the price for losing games. 

Of course, the thought of all that 
change, of actually corrupting these fine 
young men with jobs and money, is more 
than some can stand. There are ideals at 
stake here. There are more important 
things than winning and losing. 

Proposal III. The other solution is to 
return to the "good old days." In those 
times, athletes were as pure as the fresh- 
fallen snow. Those who weren't major- 
ing in medicine in order to go to far-ofi^ 
lands and save entire cultures were 
studying the humanities in order to be 
well-rounded and, thus, to become 
feeling, thinking, compassionate mem- 
bers of the communities into which they 
would eventually settle. Those, my 
friends, were the days. 

You want those days hack? Here's how 
you do it. 

Abolish all athletic scholarships. Give 
grants based strictly on need or academic 
excellence. Police the programs strin- 
gently and fire, on the spot, coaches 
who violate the policy. 

But also remove the immense pressure 
coaches are now under to win. Make 

them teachers first and coaches second. 
Put them in the classroom (can you 
imagine that?) to teach real courses — 
not The Theory of Coaching Basketball 
or Basketball Conditioning, a one-credit 
course for the student "who wishes to 
promote proper cardiovascular fitness." 

They can teach PE or English, busi- 
ness or art history — but they have to 
teach. They also need to be actual 
members of the university community 
and not the dieties who have vast bas- 
ketball halls named for them. 

Instead of criss-crossing the country 
sweet-talking mothers and evaluating 
prospects at summer camps like so many 
sides of beef, the coaches will take the 
athletes who walk in the door. They'll 
really have to do some coaching. 

As a tradeoff, coaches will receive job 
security. The pressure to win will be less 
because the money involved for being 
successful will be far less. Coaches won't 
have to worry about beating Moveover 
Tech or scheduling ten creampufi"s in 
order to get 20 victories and make it into 
the NCAA tournament. 

The players really will be students; for 
one thing, they'll know other students 
who aren't athletes. And if a player 
suddenly starts driving around in a fancy 
car and wearing a whole new wardrobe, 
people will be suspicious instead of 
cynical, and that young man will find 
himself with a lot of explaining to do. 

O, happy days. There'll be pep rallies 
on the steps of the ptesident's house, 
and Mary Lou Peachcobbler will swell 
with pride when her fella makes the 

Sounds wonderful, doesn't it? 

There's just one problem. The "good 
old days" never existed in college ath- 
letics. But it might be worth a try. 
Granted, the chances of this plan suc- 
ceeding are about as great as a mule 
winning the Kentucky Derby, hut it 
might happen. 

College sports are great for alumni, 
fans, and students. It's time college was 
just as great for the athletes. 

Locker room philosophers are fond of 
saying, "It's just a game." It's time we 
stopped playing games with college 
athletes. S 

Paul Woody (B.A. English, 1975; M.A, 
1982) is a sports writer for the Richmond 
News Leader. 

Illustration by Scott Wright. 


By Elaine Jones 

Assuming a high school athlete makes it 
into a Division I school, manages to stay 
eligible for four years in the Division 1 
school, defies the odds of being drafted 
into the pros and (if he's lucky) escapes 
injury, he might enjoy the average three 
to four years of the pro career. If he 
started the college leg of the trip at 18 
and stayed in college for four years, his 
professional life should come to a close 
by the time he turns 25 or 26, perhaps a 
few years more. Unless he got a degree 
while he was in college or thought to 
line up something while finishing his 
playing time, the average pro athlete 
may well be asking, "What now?" before 
he turns 30. 

Some colleges and universities have 
begun to take more responsibility for the 
college phase of the process, by reexam- 
ining how they educate their student- 
athletes. What is VCU doing to help its 
student-athletes graduate? 

Last September, Mike Pollio, the new 
head coach of the Rams mens' basketball 
team, laid down the law about graduat- 
ing. After reflecting on VCU's basket- 
ball players' graduation record (three 
players since 1978), Pollio implemented 
the following requirements: 

• Each basketball player must pass 30 
semester hours in a degree program by 
the end of each spring semester, not the 
24 the NCAA requires to stay eligible. 
Four years of 24 hours each yields only 
96 hours; VCU, like other colleges and 
universities, requires at least 123 hours 
to qualify for graduation. Four years is 
still all any athlete has of eligibility. 
Unless the NCAA decides to raise the 
eligibility period to five years, VCU 
players will pass the additional hours. If 
they don't, they have to go to summer 

• There is now mandatory study hall, 
held three nights a week in James 
Branch Cabell Library and monitored by 
an assistant coach, for the following 
groups of players: all freshmen and 
anyone with less than a 2.0 grade point 

average, for all three nights; all transfer 
student-athletes and anyone with less 
than a 2.25 GPA, for two nights; and 
any player maintaining a GPA of 2.25 to 
2.5, for one night. 

• All basketball players, regardless of 
their academic standing, must present an 
evaluation form to their instructors 
every three weeks. The instructor assigns 
a grade, records the player's attendance, 
adds any further notes on academic 
progress he or she wishes, and returns 
the form to Pollio. 

"The form's a hassle for the instruc- 
tors," said Mike Ballweg, VCU's sports 
information director, "but so far, no 
one's complained about it. Besides, it's 
the only way we can monitor players' 
academic progress." Added Ballweg: 
"Missing class, without a very good 
reason, is a major no-no." 

What if a player fails to meet PoUio's 
minimum requirements? "He doesn't 
play ball for VCU," said Ballweg. 

To help players keep up with VCU's 
academic requirements and fulfill Pollio's 
demands, the coaching staff has made a 
few changes in the routine. Practices are 
now tailored around daytime class 
schedules. "We start practice an hour 
later now," said Ballweg. "And, most of 
our road games were scheduled during 
the break between fall and spring." 
There's also talk at NCAA about reduc- 
ing the schedule of contests, though to 
date no formal proposal has been made. 

Ballweg said individual assistance has 
been extended to several basketball 

players who, for one reason or another, 
found themselves in a bind at VCU. 

"One player, who joined us last fall, 
did poorly in school," said Ballweg. "So 
Pollio did not permit him road travel 
with the team this spring. That way, 
maybe he'll improve his grades and be 
back with us next year, instead of flunk- 
ing out and not being with us at all." 

Ballweg said that so often athletes 
arrive on campus believing that they can 
do it all and have it all. They can juggle 
playing, practice, the road schedule, 
classes, and homework, and even man- 
age a social life — with no problem. 
"They find out very quickly that this is 
virtually impossible. Studies are usually 
the first to go, so they need the help," 
said Ballweg. 

Dr. Charles McLeod, the university's 
new director of academic counseling for 
athletes, pointed out that student- 
athletes with high personal motivation 
and solid academic backgrounds are 
more likely to graduate from college 
than those who do not possess these 
characteristics. Many athletes succumb 
to the problems of being a student- 
athlete, "time management not the least 
of them," said McLeod. 

The basketball staff also decided to 
help two seniors whose eligibility is up 
but who still have not completed all the 
requirements for their degrees. 

"Usually, seniors use up their eligibil- 
ity, the scholarship money disappears, 
and they have no hope of finishing their 
education," said Ballweg. "In fact, that's 
a major reason many student-athletes 
don't graduate — they run out of money 
and have to leave." 

The staff provided tuition and fees for 
the two seniors tor their final year. 
"They helped us earn television reve- 
nues, so we figured this was the least we 
could do. They're still in school, even 
though they can't play for us anymore." 

Pollio understands the skepticism with 
which his new standards were greeted 
when he announced them last fall. The 
graduation rate of student-athletes, at 
least in the high-visibility, revenue- 
producing sports, is dismal. Last year, 
VCU ranked second from the bottom in 
the Sun Belt Conference in the number 
of degree-holding basketball players. By 


and large, coaches, for whom the bot- 
tom Hne is winning, have not been 
known for imparting high levels of 
academic spirit among their players. 

The demands of the coaching job, 
however, can he formidable. Dr. Jay J. 
Coakley, professor of sociology at the 
University of Colorado, devoted a 
chapter on the coach in his book. Sport 
in Society (Times Mirror/Moshy College 
Publishing, 1986). The first thing he 
pointed out is that, historically, coaches 
were never hired to be teachers. "The 
job of the coach has always been to help 
athletes get ready for competition," 
wrote Coakley. When physical activity 
for reasons of health or personal enjoy- 
ment is most important, physical educa- 
tors provide guidance. But, "when 
winning, setting records, and extrinsic 
rewards are most important, participa- 
tion comes under the guidance of 
coaches." In the late nineteenth cen- 
tury, university administrators brought 
the job of coaching into the academic 
fold so that they could keep tabs on the 
athletic pursuits of their students, but 
"the coaches contributed nothing to 
academic programs." 

Compared to other roles, such as 
teacher, student, parent, spouse, or 
social worker, the role of the coach is 
unique. Coaches, pointed out Coakley, 
are held solely accountable for the 
results of their coaching, since competi- 
tive activities are highly visible and the 
outcome of competitions is public. "This 
means that the behavior of coaches can 
be viewed by spectators — sometimes 
numbering in the millions — and that the 
success rates of coaches can be objec- 
tively measured by wins and losses." 

Coakley listed the groups to whom 
coaches must answer in their jobs. Apart 
from home, spouse, and children, 
coaches must be mindful of the school 
administration, national and state 
athletic and coaches' associations, the 
athletic director, fellow coaches, support 
staff, faculty and students, fans (espe- 
cially alumni, students, and booster 
clubs), the news media, players' parents, 
and the players themselves — each of 
whom may not have needs in common 
with the others. To satisfy all these 
groups, Coakley wryly noted that for 
coaches "the most effective strategy is 

simply to win all their games, meets, 
and matches." 

Since this is impossible, coaches go 
through a process of minimizing the 
demands made on them. "Effectively 
handling these pressures and strains 
requires tactics such as getting support 
for their methods, gaining control over 
their programs and the people connected 
with them, and using diplomacy and 
expedience when dealing with other 
people," wrote Coakley. Some coaches' 
behavior, as a result, can range from the 
merely eccentric to the monstrous — in 
front of the eyes of administrators, the 
academic community, fans, parents, and 
players. More to the point, when reve- 
nues are at stake, coaches are prone to 
preferring winning over academic 
achievement or violating the rules. In 
the current university athletic environ- 
ment, winning is truly everything. 

But is it everything only in men's 
sports? Not necessarily. In January, the 
Chronicle of Higher Education reported 
cheating for money and prestige in 
women's college basketball. The NCAA 
had just levied its stiffest penalty ever on 
a women's basketball team. Northeast 
Louisiana University is on a year's 
probation and ruled ineligible for post- 
season competition this year — for re- 
cruiting violations. The coach, Linda 
Harper, is forbidden to engage in any 
off-campus recruiting for a year. And 
that's just the latest incident. Last year, 
Cheyney University of Pennsylvania was 
put on probation, again for recruiting 

The Chronicle article, noting the 
opinion of several women's coaches, 
reported that "interest has surged as the 
caliber of play has improved. The 
NCAA women's basketball tournament 
made money for the first time last year, 
and there are new financial rewards to be 
gained from having a successful team." 

Many coaches, of course, are not 
entirely innocents at the mercy of the 
system. Pollio admitted that, until last 
September, he had only paid lip service 
to the idea that players ought to gradu- 
ate. Calling himself a "born-again 
academician," he decided he had to start 
getting serious about his players' futures, 
which are ambivalent at best given the 
odds of making it into professional 

In addition to Pollio's measures for the 
men's basketball team, the Athletics 
Department has taken other steps. 
Academic counseling for athletes, under 
McLeod's direction, was implemented 
last summer to help all student-athletes, 
not just basketball players. The pro- 
gram's services entail education away 
from the classroom and off the playing 
field or basketball court. Seminars on 
time management and study skills, 
personal counseling, tutoring, and 
orientation for freshmen and transfer 
students are among the services the 
program extends to VCU's student- 
athletes. Program staff work as a liaison 
between athletic interests on the one 
hand and academic requirements on the 
other. Monitoring student-athletes' 
eligibility is among the roles the program 
has assumed. And, McLeod believes new 
incentive and recognition programs to 
reward the outstanding academic 
achievement of athletes "can help 
student-athletes get excited about being 
good students as well as good athletes." 

Taking into account student-athletes 
as a whole, the advising program, like 
several that are emerging in colleges and 
universities across the U.S., addresses 
four general categories of athletes. The 
first group includes those who are highly 
motivated and soundly prepared for 
college work. Academic advising, said 
McLeod, can provide general support to 
ensure these athletes mature socially as 
nonstudent-athletes do, by helping them 
not to become isolated within the 
cocoon of the athletic environment. 
The next group is also highly motivated 
and well-prepared academically, but 
these student-athletes don't know how 
to manage the demands on their time. 
McLeod said that time management and 
study skills offer the best support for this 

The group that gets the attention of 
university administrators and the public 
is comprised of student-athletes who 
possess poor academic backgrounds. 
"Actually, the fewest number of student- 
athletes fall into this category when 
looking at all sports," said McLeod. It is 
largely this group, however, for which 
Proposition 48 is intended. The first 
thing the academic advising program can 
do is make sure these athletes are provi- 


sionally admitted through VCU's Educa- 
tional Support Programs, which assist 
educationally disadvantaged students. 

Finally, there are those student- 
athletes who come to college with little 
or no intention of getting a degree, 
regardless of their preparation for college 
work. They are usually in college to 
prepare for a pro career. These student- 
athletes are the hardest to help academi- 
cally because, "whatever their reasons, 
they are motivated only by the extracur- 
ricular aspect of the university," said 
McLeod. The most the staff can do is 
keep reminding them of the odds and 
make sure they stay enrolled in degree 
programs. "If they don't," said McLeod, 
"they'll simply lose their eligibility and 
be gone." 

The problem with this group is that 
they believe athletics is their only route 
to success in America, a belief that is 
most acute among young black males. 
Couple the fact that superstars appear in 
living color on television every weekend 
and many weeknights with the million- 
dollar fact of business life in professional 
sports, and the conviction among many 
young people that they will be excep- 
tions to the rule prove? immovable. 

In his book, Coakley also examined 
sport as a function of social mobility. For 
blacks especially, Coakley found oppor- 
tunities in athletics to be severely lim- 
ited. He estimated the number of posi- 
tions available in the sports most open 
to blacks — football, basketball, and 
baseball (for other sports, such as tennis 
and golf, parents need money to offer 
these to their children) — and added in 
the number of coaching and training 
positions available. He concluded that 
"it is doubtful that more than 3,000 
blacks make their livelihood in pro 
sports. Since there are over 30 million 
blacks in the United States, this means 
that only one out of every 10,000 is 
employed in professional sports. And 
about half of those are in relatively low- 
paying jobs." Coakley added that it is 
irresponsible to suggest that sports 
provide blacks opportunities for upward 
social mobility, pointing out that if some 
other business encouraged all young 
black males to train for a very specific 
job open to a mere 3,000 employees, "it 
would be accused of fraud." 

Yet, wrote Coakley, "this has been 
done for years in connection with pro 
sports," further noting that sports have 
in fact been praised for their supposed 
contributions to mobility among blacks. 
Coakley believes that "young blacks 
would be much better off putting away 
basketballs and track shoes and trying to 
become president of the United States. 
Of course, the chances of getting elected 
would be slim-to-none, but the skills 
learned in pursuing the goal would be 
marketable in numerous other careers." 

Until changes occur in athletic com- 
petition in the college setting, coaches 
and university administrators will con- 
tinue to be left to their own devices. 
VCU's President Edmund F. Ackell 
came out in favor of Proposition 48 last 
July after a special session of the NCAA 
was held to discuss the proposal, indica- 
ting that "it seems to me that if an 
administrator stands by the concept that 
a student is a student first and an athlete 
second, he has to support it." Ackell 
acknowledged at the time that many 
urban universities, like VCU, will find 
Proposition 48 restricting. "1 understand 
the problem. I also understand that a lot 
of these students see athletics as a route 
out of the ghetto." But, said Ackell, "it's 
our job to convince these young people 
that if they're going to he athletes, 
they're going to be educated athletes," 
for their own benefit as well as for the 
benefit of the university. 

University administrators may not 
have been helped in dealing with the 
academic performance of their student- 
athletes by the recent decision of the 
Virginia General Assembly to shelve the 
"no pass, no play" bill for statewide 
regulation among Virginia's high 
schools. Delegate]. W. O'Brien, Jr. (D- 
Chesapeake) had proposed that student- 
athletes maintain at least a C average to 
say on a high school team, and, if they 
failed more than one class in a grading 
period, they would be off the team 
permanently. The Board of Education 
backs the push for higher standards but 
believes academic standing and team 
play criteria ought to be left to the 
localities. The General Assembly wants 
to study' the bill for another year. 
- Caught in the middle of these de- 
bates, of course, are student-athletes. 
Despite all arguments about the need for 
reform, the only thing that continues to 

make these young people so attractive to 
a system supported by substantial finan- 
cial incentive is their athletic prowess. 
It's a powerful commodity. In January, a 
Washington Post article reported that 
Patrick Ewing, while playing as center 
for Georgetown University's basketball 
team, brought the university an esti- 
mated $12.3 million in revenues. 
Georgetown's investment in Ewing was 
about $40,000 in scholarships. Nurtur- 
ing this commodity starts long before the 
college years, so that by the time many 
athletes enter college, they have come 
to believe their only worth lies in their 
physical gifts. 

John Madden, retired head coach of 
the NFL's Los Angeles Raiders, in his 
book Heji, Wait a Minute, illustrated this 
point through an anecdote about an 
incident that eventually convinced him 
to get out of coaching. Madden recalled 
the day in August 1978 that Darryl 
Stingley, wide receiver for the New 
England Patriots, collided with Jack 
Tatum, a Raider free safety, in a presea- 
son game. As exchanges between offense 
and defense go, it was routine, but when 
Stingley fell, a horrible thing happened: 
he broke his neck and was paralyzed. 
Tatum was not penalized on the field 
because he had not committed a foul, 
but he was roundly criticized for his 
athletic behavior anyway. 

Madden answered the criticism this 
way: "In high school coaches told him to 
hit hard, so he hit hard. At Ohio State, 
he was All-America because he hit hard. 
In the NFL, he was on three Pro Bowl 
teams because he hit hard. But after the 
accident, Jack Tatum was suddenly an 
evil player because he hit hard. Hell, 
that's why we drafted him — because he 
hit hard. " 

While the coach's athletic role and 
the university's academic role are clear, 
if constantly challenged, the student- 
athlete's role is contradictory. If he 
continues to be thrust into the academic 
world because of his potential to en- *- 
hance the athletic, recognizing his 
worth as an educated citizen early on 
may offer him some hope of successfully 
straddling both worlds — and eventually 
emerging without bearing only the 
burden of his athletic pursuits. 


U N I V E R S 

T Y 




Periodicals recognition 

The VCU Magazine garnered a 
special merit award in the 1986 
annual communications compe- 
tition of the Council for the Ad- 
vancement and Support of Edu- 
cation's District III. 

VCU's research periodical. Re- 
search in Action, captured a 
grand award in the same CASE 
competition, sharing the top 
honors with research magazines 
for the University of Georgia and 
the University of Virginia. 

VCU's divestiture in 
South Africa 

VCU's Board of Visitors unqni- 
mously adopted a policy re- 
garding investment of funds 
controlled by the university in 
companies conducting business 
in South Africa, in keeping with 
their condemnation of the policy 
of apartheid. 

While the university has a 
fiduciary obligation to invest and 
manage its funds prudently, 
reported the board in its state- 
ment of resolution, the board 
does not believe the university's 
investment portfolio should be 
used as a vehicle to participate 
in political activitv. The board 
stipulated that in the case of 
South Africa, "a policy of review 
and possible selective divestiture 
would be financially prudent 
and morally responsible." To that 
end, the board adopted the 
following resolutions: 

• Companies doing business 
with or in the Republic of South 
Africa, which are signatory to the 
Sullivan Principles, will continue 
to be evaluated in the same 
manner as any other investments 
In VCU's portfolio. 

• The policies and practices of 
nonsignoton/ companies will be 
reviewed and evaluated by the 
university on an individual basis. 
If any company's policies lack a 
commitment to equal treatment 
of all races and an end to apart- 
heid, the board will recommend 
divestiture in its investment in that 

The Sullivan Principles, pub- 
lished in 1979 by the Reverend 
Leon H. Sullivan, are a set of 
guidelines under which busi- 
nesses formally agree not to 
practice racial discrimination 
and to do what they can to end 
the South African government's 
apartheid policies. To implement 

VCU's policy. President Edmund 
F. Ackell, in consultation with 
VCU's investment advisors, will 
review the current assets over 
which the university has direct 
control and report to the Board 
of Visitors' Executive Committee. 
Thereafter, Ackell will periodi- 
cally advise the committee on 
any VCU investments affected by 
the policy. 

The Board of Trustees of the 
MCV Foundation took similar 
action on divestiture. The Invest- 
ment Committee and the Execu- 
tive Committee of the foundation 
agreed with the policy adopted 
by VCU's Board of Visitors. The 
foundation's investment advisors 
have been directed not to invest 
in companies doing significant 
business in South Africa that are 
not signatory to the Sullivan 
Principles, without prior review 
and approval by the Investment 

MCV Hospitals' new 

Carl R. Fischer is the new execu- 
tive director of MCV Hospitals, 
which has 1,058 beds and ranks 
as the fourth largest teaching 
health care complex in the 
United States. 

Fischer previously was execu- 
tive director of clinical programs 
at the University of Arkansas in 
Little Rock. He holds a bachelor's 
degree in nursing, a master's 
degree in nursing, and a 
master's degree in hospital 

Fulbright scholars 

The Council for the International 
Exchange of Scholars (CIES) has 
announced its Fulbright scholars 
for 1986. VCU's Dr. Margaret 
PeischI, assistant professor of 
foreign languages, and Jose 
Manuel Sanchez Ruiz, laboratory 
assistant in the Department of 
Biochemistry, are among the 
nearly 900 Americans that have 
been awarded Fulbright scholar- 
ships for university lecturing and 
postdoctoral research in almost 
100 countries. 

PeischI will lecture in Germany 
on German civilization and 
culture, and Sanchez Ruiz will 
travel to Spain to study and 
lecture on physical chemistry. 

The purpose of the Fulbrighi 
program, now in its 40th year, is 
to enable the U.S. to increase 
mutual understanding between 
the people of the U.S. and the 

people of other countries. Ful- 
bright scholar awards are 
funded and administered by the 
United States Information 
Agency CIES, which is affiliated 
with the American Council on 
Education, is responsible for the 
direct administration of the pro- 
gram. Fulbright scholars are 
selected by the Board of Foreign 
Scholarships, whose members 
are appointed by the president 
of the United States. 

Firial fall enrollment 

The university's total enrollment 
this year is at 19,977, seven stu- 
dents fewer than in fall 1984, 
according to VCU's Resource 
Planning Office's Final Fall 1985 
Enrollment Report. 

Increases in enrollment oc- 
curred at the lower-division 
undergraduate and master's 
levels, according to the report. 
There are 218 more undergradu- 
ate students in lower-division 
programs and 159 more gradu- 
ate students in master's degree 
programs compared to last fall. 
Enrollments declined among 
special graduates, special 
undergraduates, doctoral stu- 
dents, and first-professional 

A shift from part-time to full- 
time enrollment between fall 
1984 and fall 1985 mirrored these 
changes. The number of full-time 
students rose by 1.8 percent, 
occurring primarily at the lower- 
division undergraduate and 
master's levels; part-time student 
enrollment fell by 2.6 percent, 
with declines primarily at the 
special graduate and special 
undergraduate levels. 

Seven of the university's 12 
schools experienced increased 
enrollments. The College of 
Humanities and Sciences had 
the largest gain in headcount, 
with 346 more students in fall 
1985, while the School of Social 
Work experienced the greatest 
growth, with 12.6 percent more 
social work students over last 
year's school enrollment. The 
School of Business experienced 
the largest decline in enrollment, 
with 271 fewer students this fall 
than last fall. 

Included in the report were 
statistics on the makeup of the 
student body. Day students 
comprise over two-thirds of 

students at VCU; evening stu- 
dents account for 26 percent of 
the total enrollment, and off- 
campus students 4 percent. 
Minority students comprise 18 
percent of VCU's students. Most 
VCU students (62 percent) come 
from the Richmond area, and 
more women (58 percent) than 
men attend VCU. Fifty-five per- 
cent of the students are under 
age 25; 30 percent are between 
the ages of 25 and 34, and VCU 
enrolls 812 students age 45 and 
older Most VCU students are 
single (72 percent). 

Doctor of nursing 

The School of Nursing has been 
awarded approval by the State 
Council of Higher Education for 
Virginia (SCHEV) to offer the Ph.D. 
in nursing. 

The program will have two 
concentrations; nursing adminis- 
tration and clinical science. The 
clinical science option is offered 
jointly by the School of Nursing 
and the Department of Microbi- 
ology and Immunology in the 
School of Basic Health sciences. 

The Ph.D. in nursing is designed 
to meet the needs of nurses who 
are employed full time and who 
cannot leave their employment 
situations to pursue full-time 
doctoral study. |n addition to 
traditional weekday classes, 
classes will be offered during 
evenings, weekends, or short- 
term institutes. 

Pro-lottery, anti-busing 

Last fall, the Virginia Poll, a unit 
of VCU's Survey Research Lab- 
oratory, conducted a telephone 
survey of 635 adults from various 
regions of Virginia to find out 
their views on a state-run lottery. 
In another fall survey, the Survey 
Research Laboratory polled 652 
Richmonders to find out their 
opinions on cross-town busing in 
Richmond to achieve integrated 
public schools. 

The lottery survey showed that 
a substantial majority of persons 
from all income and education 
categories support a lottery. Four 
out of five (79 percent) adults 
between 18 and 29 years of age 
and 56 percent of Virginians 66 
years and older favor the crea- 
tion of a lottery. The greatest 
amount of support from a politi- 
cal group came from indepen- 
dents (74 percent), followed by 
democrats (71 percent] and 
republicans (62 percent). Those 
who described themselves as 


'Very religious" fell below the 
50th percentile: 47 percent were 
in favor of a lottery, and 46 
percent were opposed. 

The busing survey showed that, 
while the majority of block and 
white Richmonders prefer inte- 
grated schools, they would 
rather not use cross-town busing 
to achieve thenn. The sampling 
of 652 Richmonders were chosen 
at random and interviewed by 
telephone over a five-day 

The survey showed that 70 
percent of those blacks inter- 
viewed and 69 percent of the 
whites want integrated schools, 
but 53 percent of the blacks and 
78 percent of the whites were 
against cross-town busing. Over- 
all, 63 percent of those inter- 
viewed did not favor cross-town 
busing for the purpose of racially 
integrated Richmond public 

Meeting the needs of 
AIDS victims 

MCV Hospitals has been "over- 
loaded" in the last year with 
patients who have acquired 
immune deficiency syndrome 
(AIDS), according to Dr Lisa 
Kaplowitz, assistant professor of 
infectious diseases on the MCV 
Campus. Kaplowitz made this 
point in her address in Decem- 
ber to the board of the Central 
Virginia Health Systems. 

Kaplowitz voiced her reserva- 
tions to a board recommenda- 
tion that MCVH be designated 
as the only AIDS treatment center 
in Central Virginia. The small 
number of physicians, nurses, 
social workers, and other health 
care professionals at MCVH who 
coordinate care for people with 
AIDS are exhausted and need 
help, she said. She spoke to the 
board on the need for Rich- 
mond's hospitals and nursing 
homes to pull together and plan 
how they will treat AIDS patients, 
whose numbers have been 
doubling in the area every 12 

Kaplowitz cited the experience 
of New York City and San Fran- 
cisco to support her plea for 
cooperation, noting that all the 
hospitals in these cities have had 
to handle AIDS cases. According 
to the Centers for Disease Con- 
trol, New York has reported 1 ,923 

AIDS cases so far Current statis- 
tics on Son Francisco are un- 
available, but 1 ,679 cases have 
been reported there since 1981. 
This year, the number of reported 
cases in Virginia approached 

Kaplowitz further responded to 
reports of AIDS patients in the 
area being turned away from 
some hospitals and home health 
care agencies and directed to 
find help elsewhere. One patient, 
she said, who needed a nursing 
home could not find one in 
Central Virginia. Part of the 
board's argument for designat- 
ing MCVH as the only AIDS 
treatment facility is its reputation 
for research. But Kaplowitz 
pointed out that no one has yet 
found a cure for AIDS, and 
MCVH is in no better a position to 
treat AIDS victims than any other 
facility in Richmond. Also, she 
argued, Richmond hospitals 
regularly take on hepatitis B 
cases without a second thought, 
even though the virus is highly 
contagious, in contrast to AIDS, 
which can only be contracted 
through sexual intercourse or 
blood transfusions. 

Honoring service 

VCU awarded Supreme Court 
Justice Lewis F. Powell, Jr. an 
honorary Doctorate of Humane 
Letters. Originally scheduled for 
spring 1985 commencement, the 
presentation was postponed until 
October because of Powell's 
illness earlier last year 

VCU President Edmund F 
Ackell, with W. Roy Smith, rector 
of the Board of Visitors, and Dr 
Charles P. Ruch, interim provost 
and vice-president for aca- 
demic affairs, made the presen- 
tation in Powell's chambers in 
Washington, D.C. 

Ackell also led another pre- 
sentation this fall for Governor 
Charles S. Robb. In recognition of 
his four years of ser^/ice to Vir- 
ginia, VCU presented Governor 
Robb an original Kent Ipsen 
sculpture. With Ackell were W. 
Roy Smith and Ralph M. Ware, 
special assistant to the president 
for legislative relations. 

Composing music by 


A digitally synthesized music 
studio funded by the Richard 
and Caroline T Gwothmey Me- 
morial Trust has enabled VCU's 

Department of Music to be the 
first educational program in 
Virginia to offer this state-of-the- 
art equipment. 

The studio contains o digital 
Emulator synthesizer and support 
equipment, including a disc 
library that holds the simulated 
sounds of orchestra instruments 
and the capability to sample 
any sound, record it, and put it 
on any scale. The user can cre- 
ate sound through an attached 

According to Dr Timothy Kloth, 
instructor in music, students will 
use the equipment to make 
recordings, and he will be re- 
searching the computer's ability 
to control the overtones and 
change the timbre of various 
instruments. "We'll essentially 
have a full recording studio," he 
says. "It is possible to write a 
computer program that will 
create a composition and per- 
form it in real time." 

Kloth says about 10 students 
currently use the synthesizer as 
their major performing medium, 
and about 50 music and music 
education students, of the 325 
currently enrolled VCU music 
students, study computers and 
music each semester 

Teen suicide 

The leading cause of death of 
people between the ages of 15 
and 24 is suicide, according to 
Dr. Richard Brookman, director of 
adolescent health services on 
the MCV Campus and a local 
expert on suicide, as well as a 
recent report by the National 
Institute of Mental Health on the 
incidence of suicide among 
teenagers. Brookman was just 
reappointed to a three-year term 
on the Richmond Youth Services 

Although statistics show a 
higher suicide rate for white 
males than for blacks and fe- 
males, the problem cuts across 
all social groups, according to 
Brookman. Chilling are the statis- 
tics reporting some 6,000 adoles- 
cents from across the country 
who have committed suicide 
since 1983, or, as Brookman puts 
it, an average of 16 per day. In 
Virginia last year, nine children 
between the ages of 10 and 14 
committed suicide, as did 48 
children between 15 and 19. 

The most alarming statistic, 
however, is the number of suicide 
attempts in this age group. An 
estimated 400,000 people be- 
tween the ages of 15 and 24 

attempted suicide during the 
same period, according to the 
report by the National Institute of 
Mental Health. 

Brookman and other experts 
believe most youths who try 
suicide don't really want to die; 
they just want to rid themselves of 
feelings of hopelessness, pain, 
and despair 

Fund raising 
for health 

VCU plans to enhance its health 
administration program by initiat- 
ing a $1.5 million fund raising 
drive known as "New Ventures for 
Excellence in Health Administra- 
tion Education." David G. Wil- 
liamson, vice-chairman of the 
board of the Hospital Corpora- 
tion of America and a 1957 
alumnus of VCU's health adminis- 
tration program, is chairman of 
the drive. 

Funds raised through this effort 
will be used to provide educa- 
tion, research, and service pro- 
grams for students as well as 
practicing health care profes- 
sionals. These programs will be 
joint ventures between public 
and private health care organi- 
zations to develop innovative 
programs and create a link be- 
tween the university and adminis- 
tration health care practitioners. 

Of the $1.5 million to be raised, 
$250,000 has been earmarked 
for the renovation of the old Shel- 
tering Arms Hospital, the Grant 
House, listed on the national reg- 
ister of historic landmarks, at 1008 
East Clay Street. The remaining 
$1.25 million will be used to es- 
tablish and operate the "New 
Ventures" program. 

The Department of Health Ad- 
ministration recently received a 
seven-year accreditation, the 
maximum a program can re- 
ceive. Only seven programs in 
the United States have received 
the maximum accreditation. 

VCU men's basketball 
in review 

A miracle worker A super sales- 
man. A coaching wizard. A 
motivator of players. VCU men's 
basketball coach Mike Pollio has 
been described as all of the 
above. All this, despite a coach 
who saw his team post a 12-16 
record, the first losing record in 


the school's history. Pollio inheri- 
ted a VCU team that lost four 
starters and five of the top six 
players from last year's 26-6 
team that advanced to the 
second round of the NCAA 

Despite Pollio's overwhelming 
enthusiasm, most of the VCU 
faithful expected little during the 
1985-86 season. The team was 
picked toward the bottom of the 
preseason Sun Belt Conference 
standings, the team returned just 
one player that averaged more 
than a bucket a game, and 
Coach J. D. Barnett had bolted 
Richmond for the University of 
Tulsa. In addition, the 1985-86 
VCU schedule was rated the 
fourth toughest in the notion for 
much of the season, according 
to USA Today. 

The deck was obviously 
stacked against the 42-year-old 
native of Louisville, Kentucky. 

But Pollio rallied the team's 
spirits and instilled a new enthusi- 
asm. Even with the injection of 

team spirit, however, the team 
stumbled from the starting gate, 
losing nine of the first 11 games. 
The team lost heartbreaker after 
heartbreaker, including a total of 
six games by huo points or less in 
the early going. 

Particularly disappointing was 
a grueling three-game road trip 
that took the team to Mobile, 
Birmingham, and Dayton. The 
struggling Rams took South Ala- 
bama to the wire before losing 
63-62 in overtime. Two nights 
later, the youthful Rams lost to 
UAB 72-70 in yet another over- 
time period. After flying to Day- 
ton, the Rams lost a hard fought 
74-64 decision to the Flyers. On 
returning to Richmond with a 2-9 
mark, the team was greeted at 
Byrd Airport by some 100 fans. 
An emotional Pollio recalls the 
greeting by the "airport people" 
as the turning point of the 

From that point, the Rams be- 
came a different team. Easy vic- 
tories over UNC-Chariotte and 

James Madison gave way to 
close losses at Old Dominion 
and at Western Kentucky. But the 
team gained confidence in itself 
and pieced together a four- 
game winning streak. An emo- 
tion-charged 73-67 win over na- 
tional powertiouse Marquette in 
Richmond followed by an upset 
win over nationally ranked UAB 
put the Rams back in the thick of 
the Sun Belt Conference race. 
During the late season streak, 
VCU won eight of 11 games to 
move back toward respectabil- 
ity. The hard-charging team fin- 
ished the season with an upset 
win over nationally ranked West- 
ern Kentucky prior to the Sun Belt 

The emergence of sophomore 
forward Phil Stinnie and steady 
performances by guard Bruce 
Allen paved the way as flashy 
Nicky Jones remained the team's 
playmaker and leading scorer 
Consistent Michael Brown added 
an outside shooting touch while 
center Alvin Robinson showed 

remar1<able improvement offen- 
sively and avoided the foul trou- 
ble that had bothered him eariy 
in the season. 

Jones was voted to the first 
team all-League team while 
senior Brown was voted to the 
second team by the league's 
coaches. Stinnie garnered 
honorable mention all-Sun Belt 
accolades, and Pollio drew 
strong consideration for 
Coach-of-the-Year honors. 

With the addition of North Car- 
olina State transfer John Thomp- 
son at power forward and junior 
college transfer Alvin Hicks at 
guard, Pollio is anxiously await- 
ing the start of next season. "We 
have just 240 days until we tip it 
off again. We are busy recajiting 
and wor1<ing to improve as much 
as we can for next season. Our 
fans deserve the very best, and I 
am going to do everything I can 
to make sure they get it." 

— Mike Balluieg 
Sports Informatiun Director 


R C 





Experimental economics 

The International Business Ma- 
chines Corporation (IBM) loaned 
$123,600 worth of personal com- 
puters and related equipment to 
Dr. Robert J. Reilly and Dr Mi- 
chael D. Pratt, associate profes- 
sors in the School of Business, to 
establish a Laboratory for Experi- 
mental Research in Economics 
and Business in the school. The 
new research facility, installed in 
April, is the first experimental 
laboratory in the United States 
using an IBM personal computer 

According to Reilly, director, 
and Pratt, associate director of 
the facility, experimental re- 
search in economics and busi- 
ness has come into prominence 
over the last two decades as a 
means of testing the assumptions 
and evaluating the predictions 
of theoretical models. The basic 
investigative strategy employed 
in experimental research is to 
pose in the controlled laboratory 
environment a simple special 

case of a more complex general 
model. In that context, the be- 
havior of real people in pursuit of 
real monetary rewards can be 
examined and compared to 
what would be predicted by 
the theoretical model under 

The IBM network system per- 
mits complex processing of data 
at very fast speeds, receiving 
and transmitting information from 
I and to any specified combina- 
1 tion of the experimental partici- 
pants. Dr Dennis OToole, associ- 
ate dean for external affairs in 
the School of Business, says that 
the technical support provided 
I by IBM through the new experi- 
mental lab will greatly expand 
research opportunities. 

CIT innovations 

The Biotechnology Institute of 
Virginia's Center for Innovative 
Technology last fall established a 
synthetic peptide laboratory, 
headquartered at VCU, The total 
project costs 5201,774 and in- 
cludes state-of-the-art equip- 
ment to be housed temporarily in 
McGuire Hall while renovations 
are completed for CIT laborato- 
ries on the MCV Campus. 

The equipment will allow the 
Biotechnology Institute to provide 
CIT-affiliated universities and 
industries with synthetic peptides 
in research projects evaluating 
cellular functions at the molecu- 
lar level. This evaluation, for 
example, could assist research- 
ers in the development of vac- 
cines against specific viruses, 
such as hepatitis B; potential 
diagnostic tests for specific 
diseases, such as rheumatoid 
arthritis; and production of semi- 
' synthetic enzymes for production 
i of amino acids and other 

Dr Marino Martinez-Carrion, 
chairman of the Department of 
Biochemistry and Molecular 
Biophysics, is director of the 
Biotechnology Institute. Dr Rich- 
ard J. Freer, professor of pharma- 
cology and toxicology, is the 
new director of the synthetic 
peptide laboratory. 

Dental research grants 

The School of Dentistry has re- 
ceived two grants, one to study 
the determinants of plaque 

composition and the other to 
study itself. 

The first, a five-year S1.8 million 
grant from the National Institute 
of Dental Research, will enable 
Dr Richard Ranney, professor of 
periodontics and assistant dean 
for research in the School of 
Dentistry, to study genetic influ- 
ences on the composition of 
plaque, a thin film of microorga- 
nisms on the tooth's surface that 
can cause periodontal disease. 
Ranney is using classic twin 
models to determine the relative 
contribution of heredity and 
environment on the composition 
of plaque. The influence of pu- 
berty on plaque composition 
also Is part of his study 

The Pew National Dental 
Education Program provided 
392,500 to the school to assess Its 
role In patient care, research, 
and service, and in preparing 
practitioners for the delivery of 
oral health care throughout 
Virginia. The intent of the Pew 
Grant Is to assist dental schools in 
planning and Instituting strate- 
gies that will respond to the 
shrinking demand for dental 
education, while preserving their 
research, education, service, 
and patient care functions. 
Following careful evaluation of 


its roles, the school will apply for 
the second phase of the pro- 
gram, which will involve imple- 
menting these changes. Funds 
will be awarded to as many as 
seven dental schools, each 
receiving up to Si million; in all, 
the Pew program will award 
$8.75 million over the next five 

Monitoring the use of 
animals in research 

The Animal Research Commit- 
tee, created last year, meets 
twice a month to review and 
approve the humane treatment 
of all animals used in research 
and teaching at the university. Dr 
Donald L. Brummer, associate 
professor of medicine, and Dr. 
Wade K. Smith, chief of the he- 
matology/oncology section of 
the McGuire VA Medical Center, 
are cochairmen of the 

According to Or Steven L, 
Qudttropani, associate professor 
of anatomy and chairman of the 
university's Animal Care Commit- 
tee, the Research Committee 
was formed to help maintain 
and, if necessary, to improve 
current conditions, as well as to 
insure appropriate reporting of 
humane treatment. It is the Ani- 
mal Care Committee's job to 
continue efforts to assure the 
best possible animal care and 

VCU's research community, 
says Qudttropani, recognizes the 
Importance of animal research 
for the improvement of animal, 
as well as human, well-being 
and the necessity to guard 
against both inhumane treat- 
ment and any perception that 
such treatment might occur The 
membership of the Research 
Committee includes faculty 
members in a variety of disci- 
plines, a veterinarian, and one ! 
person who is not currently affili- 
ated with the university. 

Research for space 

Several research groups in VCU's 
Department of Chemistry are 
involved in a continuing collabo- 
rative effort with the National 
Aeronautics and Space Adminis- 
tration (NASA)-Langley Research 
Center in Hampton. NASA- 
Langley is funding basic re- 
search in areas of polymer 
chemistry with a potential for 
aeronautic and aerospace 

Dr Robert Bass, professor of 
chemistry, and his research 
group are involved in an effort to 
prepare high performance/high 
temperature polymers for func- 
tional and structural applica- 
tions. Dr Donald Shillady, associ- 
ate professor, and Dr Lidia 
Vallarino, professor of chemistry, 
are wor1<ing on a joint project to 
synthesize and characterize 
magnetic polymers. Wori< also 
has begun on polyimide addi- 
tives that inhibit radiation dam- 
age in a space environment. 

Dr Raphael Ottenbrite, profes- 
sor of chemistry, is developing 
methods to initiate polymeriza- 
tion by laser irradiation, a proce- 
dure that would permit the for- 
mation of certain types of 
polymers in a space environment 
without the use of heat-induced 
radical polymerization 

Preventing burn shock 

Dr Joseph Boykin, assistant pro- 
fessor of plastic surgery, has 
discovered that a drug com- 
monly prescribed for stress ulcers 
can also prevent severely 
burned patients from going into 
burn shock. 

Boykin, who has studied burn 
shock since the late 1970s, be- 
lieves the intraveneous adminis- 
tration of cimetidine (brand 
name Tagamet) greatly reduces 
a patient's chances of going into 
burn shock. Burn shock results 
from fluid loss and blood vessel 
restriction, which reduces the 
amount of blood flowing to the 
heart. A bad burn triggers the 
release of histamine, a sub- 
stance responsible for dilating 
the capillaries and thus leading 
to fluid loss. 

Conventional treatment of fluid 
replacement has been used 
successfully, but it can cause 
fluid overload with undesirable 
and sometimes fatal complica- 
tions. In animal studies, research- 
ers found that guinea pigs given 
cimetidine needed 70 percent 
less fluid replacement to main- 
tain proper heart function. Boykin 
is now exploring the use of the 
drug to treat humans. 

Nobel Prize winning 

The recipient of the 1974 Nobel 
Prize in medicine and physiology 
explained the concept behind 
his award-winning discovery at 

VCU's third annual Innovators of 
Biochemistn/ series this fall. 

Dr Christian de Duve, Andrew 
W. Mellon Professor at The Rocke- 
feller University and professor of 
biochemistry at the Catholic 
University of Louvain in Belgium, 
was awarded a Wellcome Visit- 
ing Professorship at VCU and 
delivered the Wellcome Lecture, 
sponsored by the Department of 
Biochemistry and Molecular 

The Nobel Laureate's discov- 
en/ in 1949 of tiny bodies called 
lysosomes formed the basis of 
studies in which it is apparent 
that lysosomes play crucial roles 
in cellular activit/. They may not 
only be a hidden cause of many 
diseases, said de Duve, but also 
may help to fight other diseases. 
In addition to continued study of 
the parts lysosomes play within 
cells, scientists are beginning to 
explore ways of using lysosomes 
in treatment. About 20 years 
ago, de Duve suggested the 
idea that they may digest drugs' 
carrier molecules, thus freeing 
the drugs to fight disease. Such 
drug delivery systems, de Duve 
said, may lead to treatment and 
prevention of disease based on 
a real understanding of the 
cellular processes rather than on 
trial and error His own current 
research activities include as- 
pects of atherosclerosis, cancer, 
immunity, genetic disease, and 

On buying a new car 

If you're in the market for a new 
car, you may have spent time 
wondering whether to buy the 
current model at an attractive 
price or go for a brand new 
model that is more expensive. 

According to Dr George 
Hoffer, chairman of VCU's eco- 
nomics department, that deci- 
sion should be based on how 
long you plan to keep and drive 
the automobile. In studying the 
cost implications of buying a 
current model car versus a prod- 
uct of the new year, Hoffer and 
Dr Michael Pratt, associate 
professor of economics, com- 
pared the 1984 and 1985 whole- 
sale values in the National Auto- 
mobile Dealers Association "Blue 
Book" guide. And, they say, if 
you intend to sell the car within 
four years, you're better off buy- 
ing the newer model. 

They explain that interest rate 
subsidies or manufacturer dis- 
counts to dealers are not enough 
to make up for the extra year's 

depreciation you'll take on the 
older model. For example, last 
fall a 1985 model two-door Buick 
Regal Limited was valued by the 
Blue Book at $1,200 more than 
the 1984 model, even though the 
two cars are virtually identical. 

On the other hand, if you plan 
to keep your car for more than 
four years, Hoffer says the leftover 
model may be a better deal, if 
there has not been a significant 
change between model years. 
Hoffer's and Pratt's studies show 
that the more the body of a 
particular model changes, the 
faster the value of the older 
model will depreciate. Cars that 
are going to be discontinued will 
depreciate even more quickly. 

So, the length of time you plan 
to keep a car may be the most 
important investment decision. 
Here's another tip from Hoffer if 
you're interested in larger cars: 
Many of the 1985 and 1986 full 
size models won't be offered in 
the future, he says; "our studies 
have shown that no matter how 
attractive the large cars appear 
now, once the new smaller 
models come out, the tanks' lose 
their aura and their market 

Genetics recognition 

A postdoctoral fellow in human 
genetics at VCU is one of only 
three people in the United States 
and Canada to receive a stu- 
dent research award from the 
American Society of Human 

Dr Colleen Jackson-Cook, 
whose doctoral thesis formed the 
basis for the wort< on which she 
was recognized, laid the 
groundwor1< for a possible 
screening test that could identify 
people who are at high risk of 
bearing children with a particu- 
lar type of Down syndrome. 

In her initial research Jackson- 
Cook studied the genetic 
makeup of parents of children 
who are born with an extra chro- 
mosome. What she found was 
that most of these parents had 
unusual chromosome patterns, 
although they themselves were 
normal. In nine out of ten couples 
she examined, however, one or 
both parents had this pattern. 

Jackson-Cook is continuing her 
research by examining the per- 
centage of sperm that contain 
the extra chromosome that leads 
to Down syndrome. 







Esrafil Abedi, associate pro- 
fessor of otolaryngology, was 
recently accepted into the 
American College of Surgeons. 

David A. Ameen, associate 
professor of information systems, 
tias had his article, "A Computer 
Assisted Decision Support Simu- 
lation," published in the Associa- 
tion for Data Systems' Monitor. 

Thomas Barker, dean of the 
School of Allied Health Profes- 
sions, has been appointed to the 
American Medical Association's 
Committee on Allied Health 
Education Accreditation. 

Pamela Boll, clinical instructor 
in the Department of Oral and 
Maxillofacial Surgery, presented 
a paper at the annual meeting 
of the American Pain Society 
held in Dallas. Her paper was 
entitled "The Role of the Family 
Therapist in a Multidisciplinary 
Pain Center." 

Kevin R. Cooper, pulmonary 
physician and associate profes- 
sor of medicine, has been 
named the 1985 Communicator 
of the Year by the Richmond 
chapter of the International 
Association of Business Commu- 
nicators. He was cited by the 
local chapter for motivating 
others to take greater interest in 
personal and environmental 
health. He also was cited for his 
wor1< as chairman of the state's 
Interagency Task Force on Smok- 
ing or Health, president of the 
Richmond region of the Ameri- 
can Lung Association, and on 
behalf of the Federal Clean 
Air Act. 

Rutledge M. Dennis, associ- 
ate professor of sociology and 
anthropology, has been selected 
by the Council of the American 
Sociological Association to serve 
a three-year term on the Com- 
mittee on Freedom of Research 
and Teaching. 

Clarence L. Dunn, professor 
of accounting, served as general 
chairman of the VCU- Virginia 
Society of Certified Public Ac- 
countants' seventh annual tax 
conference for accountants in 
general practice. Dunn, a Vir- 
ginia CPA, has been general 
chairman of this conference 
since its inception in 1979. 

John A. FantI, associate 
professor of obstetrics and gyne- 
cology, has been invited by the 
National Board of Medical Ex- 
aminers to serve as a member of 
the NBME's Obstetrics-Gynecol- 
ogy Test Committee. 

Susan F. Feiner, assistant 
professor of economics, has had 
her article, "Discrimination: The 

Case of Economics Textbooks," 
published in Challenge. 

Andrew Ferry, professor of 
ophthalmology, and Robert S. 
Weinberg, associate professor, 
were honored by the American 
Academy of Ophthalmology 
during the academy's recent 
annual meeting in San Francisco. 
Ferry received the senior honor 
award and Weinberg the honor 
award, both recognizing their 
efforts to teach eye-care diag- 
nosis and treatment to others in 
the field. 

Gloria Francis, professor of 
psychiatric nursing in the Depart- 
ment of Community and Psychi- 
atric Mental Health Nursing, has 
had her article, "Domestic Ani- 
mal Visitation as Therapy with 
Adult Home Residents," pub- 
lished in the InternationalJournal 
of Nursing Studies. 

Robert G. Green and Mi- 
chael F. Kolevzon, associate 
professors of social work, have 
published "The Correlations of 
Health Family Functioning: The 
Role of Concensus and Conflict 
in the Practice of Family Ther- 
apy" in the Journal of Marital 
and Family Therapy. 

Jack M. Jarrett, professor of 
music, has been named winner 
of the Virginia Museum Fanfare 
competition. He received a 
S2,000 prize for his composition 
entitled "Fanfare with Chimes." 

Puru Jena, professor of phys- 
ics, was invited to give a collo- 
quium for the physics depart- 
ment of Vonderbilt University. He 
spoke on the research of the 
physics of small atom clusters, 
which is being conducted jointly 
by Jena and physics faculty 
members B. K. Rao and S. N. 

Gary Johnson, assistant dean 
and director of the Center for 
Public Affairs, has been ap- 
pointed staff director of the gov- 
ernor's special commission on 
highway planning and finance. 
Johnson will serve as director 
until August. 

Wallace R. Johnston, associ- 
ate professor of business admin- 
istration and management, has 
been appointed to a three-year 
term on the board of directors of 
the Special Olympics of Virginia. 

William P. Jordan, professor of 
dermatology and professor of 
medicine in clinical toxicology 
and environmental medicine, 
has been elected to the board 
of directors of the American 
Academy of Dermatology. 

Surinder Kallar, associate 
professor of anesthesiology and 

director of ambulatory anesthesi- 
ology, represented the faculty 
during the Continuing Medical 
Education International Study 
Tour to Italy this fall. The purpose 
of the study tour was to ex- 
change methods of medical 
practice with physicians in vari- 
ous universities and hospitals 
throughout the country. 

David Latane, assistant pro- 
fessor of English, read his paper, 
"Dioramas and Disasters in 
England in the 1830s," at a recent 
meeting in Charleston of the 
Popular Culture Association in 
the South. 

I Walter Lawrence, Jr., director 
of the Massey Cancer Center, 
has been elected to the board 
of directors of the American 
Cancer Society. 

Philip Meggs, chairman of 
the Department of Communica- 
tion Arts and Design, and Rob 
Carter and Ben Day, associate 
professors in the department, 
published their book Typo- 
graphic Design: Form and Com- 
munication (Van Nostrand, 
Reinhold, 1985]. The book re- 
ceived outstanding reviews by 
the Library Journal, American 
Institute of Graphic Arts Journal, 
and Print Magazine. 

Otto Payton, chairman of the 
Department of Physical Therapy, 
and Jules M. Rothstein, assist- 
ant professor of physical therapy, 
have edited new books on the 
clinical aspects of physical 
therapy. The books are part of a 
multi-volume series, published by 
Churchill Livingstone of New York, 
entitled Clinics in Physical Ther- 
apy. Payton edited the volume, 
"Psychosocial Aspects in Clinical 
Practice," and Rothstein the 

volume, "Measurement in Physi- 
cal Therapy." 

Joseph H. Porter, professor of 
psychology, and Robert J. 
Hamm, associate professor, 
have published their book Statis- 
tics: Applications for the Behav- 
ioral Sciences (Brooks/Cole 
Publishers, 1986). 

Barbara E. Sattenwhite, unit 
coordinator of the Joint Cancer 
Clinic and staff member of the 
Massey Cancer Center, has 
been awarded the Professional 
Education Award by the Virginia 
Division of the American Cancer 

Jack D. Spiro, director of 
VCU's Judaic Studies Program, 
has been elected to the board 
of trustees of the United Way of 
Greater Richmond. 

Mabel G. Wells, associate 
professor of social work, has 
been appointed to the Rich- 
mond Youth Services 

John H. Whaley, Jr., associate 
professor and associate director 
for collection management. 
University Library Services, co- 
authored an article, "Rearrang- 
ing the Subject Catalog at Trinity 
University," which appeared in 
College and Research Library 

Barry Wolf, professor of human 
genetics, was presented the 
Ounce of Prevention award from 
Action for Prevention, a Virginia 
organization of more than 200 
scientists and advocates of 
developmental disabilities pre- 
vention. Wolf was given the 
award for his pioneering work in 
identifying biotinidase defi- 
ciency, a newborn metabolic 

You have the right to make the decisions that will secure your 
family's financial and emotional well-being when you ore no longer 
able to do so. 

Why do so few people exercise this right? 

Some may think it is not necessary, that they don't own enough to 
worry about. 

Others may feel it's too expensive to have a lawyer draft a will, not 
realizing how much will be saved in direct reductions, estate taxes, 
and settlement expenses. 

Most adults who fall to make a will are simply putting it off. 

We suggest you take the steps necessary to prepare a will. And 
we would like to help. 

We have a booklet on wills that includes basic information and 
ideas. The booklet is free for the asking. 

Please call or write 
Cheryl G. Yeoman 
VCU Fund 

828 West Franklin Street 
Richmond. VA 23284-0001 
(804) 257-1223 

David E. Bogby, Jr. 

MCV Foundation 

Box 234 

Richmond, VA 23298-0001 

(804) 786-9734 








I want to ttiank ttiose of 
you wtio tielped make 
WinterFest, VCU's first 
university-wide tiomecoming, a 
great weekend. 

Tine WinterFest Committee 
wor1<ed tiard to offer a weekend 
ttiat would appeal to the diverse 
appetites of many alumni, fac- 
ulty, and students. 

Ttie WinterFest Ball tiighiligtited 
Friday nigtit, with the Kings of 
Swing and Robbin Thompson 
(who also happens to be a VCU 
alumnus) rocking the walls of the 
recently renovated Gary Street 
Recreational Complex until the 
wee hours of the morning. It was 
great seeing students, alumni, 
and faculty enjoying the semi- 
formal dance. Despite several 
Inches of snow that fell only hours 
before the ball, the event was an 
overwhelming success. 

Saturday morning was high- 
lighted with a Sports Brunch 
featuring Miller Lite celebritY 
Boog Powell. After brunch, Boog 
spoke at length on his former 
career as first baseman for the 
Baltimore Orioles as well as his 
current television career promot- 
ing Miller Lite beer. John J. 
Schwartz, a 1969 School of Busi- 
ness alumnus, was Master of 
Ceremonies, and the Reverend 
Roger Nicholson, a 1968 alumnus 
of the College of Humanities and 
Sciences, gave the benediction. 
The Schools of Community and 
Public Affairs, Business, and 
Pharmacy, as well as the Col- 
lege of Humanities and Sci- 
ences, hosted special WinterFest 
receptions early Saturday eve- 
ning for alumni and faculty. The 
crowds at each reception were 
proof that a homecoming was 
long overdue. 

Andy's restaurant, a popular 
former RPIA/CU hangout, was 
reopened just for the weekend. 
Owner Briggs Elliott offered 
alumni and guests a day to 
reminisce with one another 
about the "good old days." From 
the time the doors opened until 
the time they closed, Andy's was 

Saturday night's activities 
centered around the Rams 
basketball game against the 
University of South Florida before 


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Oentol Division Nun>ng Diveion AliieQ Health 

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Community ond Public AKair^ 
Oivniion PrewJeni 
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a crowd of 7,000 people. Even 
though the Rams lost in overtime, 
the celebration following the 
game in the Crystal Palace of 
the 6th Street Mart<etplace was 
exciting. Opened Just for Winter- 
Fest activities, the Crystal Palace 
was full the entire evening with 
students, faculty, alumni, and 
guests enjoying the sounds of 
jazz provided by VCU's Depart- 
ment of Music. 

Next year's homecoming 
events are already being dis- 
cussed. As soon as a February 
date is set, information will be 
forthcoming. Meanwhile, start 
making your plans to attend next 
year's WinterFest homecoming. 

Stephen C. Harvey 

Director, VCU Alumni Activities 


Herman M. Richardson (M D ] 

retired in September after 54 years as 
o general practitioner in Midlothian. 
A Chesterfield County Board of 
Supervisors' resolution commended 
him for his service. 


Beverley B. Clary (t^^.D.), surgeon- 
in-chief at Richmond's Ctiildren's 
Hospital from 1970 to 1984, was 
honored recently for the educational 
support he provided for the orthope- 
dic residency program at the hospital 
and for the time he gave without 


Shirley Martin Howard (M.D J has 
retired after 37 years of practicing 
obstetrics and gynecology in North- 
ern Virginia. 

Lowell E. Wllloughby (D.D.S ) of 
San Antonio, Texas, tias retired after 
40 years of general practice. 


Randolph M. Jackson (M.D ; B.S. 
pharmacy, 1943), medical director of 
ttie Surgi-Center in Winchester, has 
been re-elected secretary of the 
American Society of Anesthesiologists. 


Michael J. Moore (M.D.), internist 
in Roanoke, was selected at the 
Eighth Annual Patient Education 
Conference in Kansas City, Missouri, 
for the Award of Excellence in Patient 
Education. In previous years, the 
primary care award has been pre- 
sented by Patient Care magazine to 
family practitioners. 


Barbara E. Teasdale [B.S physical 
therapy) represented VCU last fall at 
the inauguration of John I Casteen III 
as the 11th president of the University 
of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut. 


David W. Branch (M.D.) hos been 
elected chairman of the Virginia 
Section of the American College of 
Obstetricians and Gynecologists for a 
three-year term. Branch is affiliated 
with Roanoke Memorial Hospital and 
is clinical assistant professor of 
obstetrics-gynecology at the University 
of Virginia School of Medicine. 


Archibald C. Wagner (M D ) of 

W/orrenton has been named a fellow 
of the American College of Radiol- 
ogy for his outstanding wort< in the 
field of medical radiology. 


Edgar C. Hatcher (D.D.S), practic- 
ing general dentistry in Bristol, Tennes- 
see, is the recipient of the Gies Edito- 
rial Award for excellence In dental 
journalism. He was cited for his edito- 
rial "On Unity," which appeared in the 
April 1984 edition of the Journal of the 
Tennessee Dental Association. 

Margaret P. Liebchen (B.F A.) has 
completed the U.S. Department of 
Defense public affairs officer course 
of Fort Benjamin Harrison in Indiana. 

DO you liave news about 
yourself for the yCU 
Magazine ? Mail your 
updates to VCU Magazine, 
Alumni Update, 826 West Franklin 
Street. Rictimond, VA 23284- 

Sometimes we do not get your 
information in ttie issue you might 
expect, but we make every effort 
to print your updates as soon as 
possible. Be patient, and look for 
your update in the next issue. 
Write to us 

Liebchen now serves with the public 
affairs office at Fort Huachuca, 


John W. Hasty (B.S. pharmacy) of 
Hayes, Virginia, has been elected 
president of the Virginia Pharmaceuti- 
cal Association. 


John D. Bower (M.D.) of Jackson, 
Mississippi, received a special recog- 
nition award from the American 
Society of Internal Medicine for his 
demonstrated determination and 
ability as a leader among Mississippi 
internists, dedicated to improving the 
quality and lowering the cost of 
health care in Mississippi, He is presi- 
dent of the Mississippi Society of 
Internal Medicine and president of 
the Notional Renal Physicians 

A. Winston Marshall, Jr. (B.F.A. 
commercial art) represented VCU 
last fall at the inauguration of David 
Davenport as the sixth president of 
Pepperdine University, Mallbu, 


Stephen J. Lux (B.S. accounting) 
recently attended a meeting of the 
Small Business Consulting Practices 
Subcommittee of the American 
Institute of Certified Public Account- 
ants (AICPA) in New Yori< City. Lux is 
president of Consulting Associates of 
Virginia, Inc., in Richmond. He also is 
chairman of the Virginia Society of 
Certified Public Accountants Man- 
agement Advisor Services Commit- 
tee, chairman of the Presidents and 
Managers Club of Richmond, and on 
the board of directors of various 
corporations and organizations in 
the Southeast. 

John R. Metz (B.S. pharmacy) of 
Chariottesville has been elected 
second vice-president of the Virginia 
Pharmaceutical Association. 



Daniel A. Herbert (B S pharmacy) 
of Richmond has been elected first 
vice-president of the Virginia Pharma- 
ceutical Association. 

John F. Knapp (B.S. pharmacy) of 
Waynesboro has been elected 
secretory of the Virginia Pharmaceuti- 
cal Association. 

E. P. Newell, Jr. (B.S. business 
administration) has been promoted to 
senior vice-president of the Sun Banl< 
of Volusia County, Florida. 


Martin S. Flamm (M D ) has been 
appointed clinical professor of 
radiology at Louisiana State University 
and guest lecturer In law and medi- 
cine at Loyola Law School. 

James H. Hawks III (B S phar- 
macy) has opened a florist shop 
wlttiin his Ettrlcl< pharmacy Hawl<s 
also operates Hawl<s Pharmacy In 
Sutherland and Is co-manager with 
his wife, Joan, of King's Barbecue, 
Inc., In Petersburg. 

Troy N. Lindsay (mathematical 
sciences) has been named vice- 
president and operations officer of 
Jefferson National Bank's Eastern 
Region In Richmond. 

Barbara L. Robertson (B A 
French), a French teacher at St. 
Catherine's In Richmond for the post 
14 years and chairman of the school's 
foreign languages department for the 
post two and a half years, has been 
named the first holder of the Helen 
Wier Griffith Chair In French Lan- 
guage and Literature. 


Daniel H. Gerrltz (MS business 
administration and management; 
B.S., 1966) has been appointed vice- 
president of facilities management at 
Life of Virginia in Richmond. 


William M. Moore (MS distributive 
education; B.S. advertising, 1958) 
represented VCU last fall at the 
inauguration of Dr William R. O'Con- 
nell, Jr as the eighth president of New 
England College, Henniker, New 


Harold W. Sell, Jr. (B S. business 
administration and management), 
major In the US Air Force, has been 
assigned to the Pentagon as Chief of 
Navigational Services, U,S.A.F. 


A. Marstiall Norttilngton (B S 

accounting) has been promoted to 
the position of partner of Wells, 
Coleman & Co.. Certified Public 


BertI leWlnter (B.S.W.) has become 
a social worker for Parkwood Health 
Care Center In Chattanooga, 


Edward J. Bayne (M.D.), affiliated 
with University Hospital In Jacksonville, 
Florida, has been elected to a fellow- 
ship In the American College of 

Janet H. Boetlctier (MS. nurse 
practitioner program) has completed 
the Ph.D. In academic nursing admin- 
istration at the University of Texas of 


Wayne B. Griffltti (M.H.A.) repre- 
sented VCU last fall at the Inaugura- 
tion of Dorothy I. MocConkey as the 
11th president of Davis and Elklns 
College. West Virginia. 

Clara McCaleb Hoggard (M Ed. 
guidance and counseling) has been 
named Teacher of the Year In Rich- 
mond. She Is on art teacher at the 
Huguenot building of Richmond's 
Jefferson-Huguenot-Wythe High 

George L, Nance (D D.S) pre- 
sented a paper during the American 
College of Prosthodontlcs annual 
meeting. He also was awarded 
second place in the Sherry Prostho- 
dontic Research Competition. Nance 
Is assistant professor In the Depart- 
ment of Removable Prosthodontlcs on 
the MCV Campus. 

James P. Zook (M.S. urban and 
regional planning) has been ap- 
pointed the director of planning for 
Chesterfield County. 


Mary-Ellen Alexander Kendall 

(B.A. history) graduated In May 1985 
with Juris Doctor and Master of 
Business Administration degrees from 
the University of Richmond, She is 
currently employed as a corporate 
attorney for Reynolds Metdls Com- 
pany in Richmond. 

Mary Winter (B.S. nursing) has 
completed a master's program In 
corporate fitness administration at the 
University for Humanistic Studies In San 
Diego. California. 


Michael D. Calsse (B S. radiologic 
technology) has been named presi- 
dent-elect of the Radiation Oncology 
District of the Virginia Society of 
Radiologic Technologists. He Is em- 
ployed at Johnston-Willis Hospital in 
the Radiation Oncology Center. 

Dorothy S. Crowder (MS nursing, 
B.S., 1974) of Petersburg has been 
named the 1985 Outstanding Nursing 
Alumnus by the Nursing Division of the 
MCV Alumni Association of VCU. She 
Is chairman of the nursing division of 
MCV Hospitals and associate profes- 
sor of maternal-child health nursing. 

Nancy C. Lovejoy (MS. nursing; 
B.S-, 1975) of Nevato, California, Is 
assistant professor at the University of 
California, San Francisco. She re- 
cently published her article, "Family 
Responses to Cancer Hospitaliza- 
tions," in Oncology Nursing Forum. 

Stuart M. Solan (M.D.) was re- 
cently elected president of the 
medical staff at St. Luke's Hospital In 


Carroll S. Gallagher, Jr, (D D S ) 

has accepted a faculty appointment 
as assistant professor of oral and 
maxillofacial surgery at the Medical 
University of South Carolina In 

Elmore G. Johnson (MBA) repre- 
sented VCU last fall at the inaugura- 
tion of Frank E, Horton as the 11th 
president of the University of Okla- 
homa, Norman, Oklahoma. 

By Jerry Lewis 

His friends and patients call him 
the Singing Dentist. Dr. Thomas E. 
Butt (D.D.S. 1961) has practiced 
dentistry in the smail Southvi/est 
Virginia town of Wytheville for 
several years, yet the townfoik 
seem to knovi/ him more for his 
singing than for his drilling. 

"When they come into the of- 
fice, it seems all they Vi/ant to talk 
about is my music," says Butt of 
his notoriety. 

And with good reason. Butt has 
loved music since he learned to 
play the tnjmpet in high school. 
But only during the past few 
years has his hobby developed 
Into more than just a spare-time 
activity. He now writes and per- 
forms his own songs. 

Although he has recorded sev- 
eral of his compositions and 


Barbara Ameer (Pharm.D.) of 
Gainesville. Florida, has been ap- 
pointed associate professor of phar- 
macy practice at the University of 
Florida. She Is a member of the 
editorial board of the textbook 
Pharmacy Practice for the Geriatric 
Patient, a geriatric curriculum for 
allied health professionals. 

Donald W. Lewis (M.D ). a fellow In 
pediatric neurology at Children's 
Hospital of Philadelphia, was 
awarded Fellow. Teacher of the Year 
by the Children's Hospital housestaff. 


Kathleen Barnett (B.S. nursing), 
clinical nurse specialist for emer- 
gency services at Slnol Hospital of 
Baltimore, recently completed her 
M.S. In nursing at the University of 

David C. Griffin (M.S. administra- 
tion of justice: B.S. administration of 
justice and public safety. 1974) has 
graduated from the U.S. Army Ser- 
geants Major Academy at Fort Bliss. 
Texas Griffin Is now serving In Norfolk. 

John D. Pinch (D.D.S.) has com- 
pleted a residency program In oral 
and maxillofacial surgen/ at ttie 
Medical University of South Carolina 
In Charieston. He plans to practice 
oral and maxillofacial surgery in 

even formed his own label, Su- 
perStar Ltd.. it wasn't until over a 
year ago that he really began to 
get serious about it. That was 
when one of his recordings, 
"Honky Tonk Heart," hit the charts 
in Billboard magazine as the 
number one song in Hawaii. An- 
other of his songs, "Grist of My 
Mind," made it to number 19 in 
Hawaii that same week. 

His recent single, "All Alone" 
(recorded under the stage name 
of Dr Tom), was recently rated in 
the top ten by Billboard. 

" 'All Alone' is a real nice bal- 
lad," says Dr. Tom. obviously 
proud of his accomplishment but 



Estelle V. Bauer (health care 
management) of Fort Worth. Texas, 
has been elected president of Sigma 
Phi Omega, Alpha Epsilon Chapter, 
the national academic honor and 
professional society In gerontology, 

William L. Cundiff (B.S. pharmacy) 
of Vinton has been elected treasurer 
of the Virginia Pharmaceutical 

Paul H. Dardis (B.S. rehabilitation 
services) has been appointed vice- 
president of a new subsidiary of the 
Cardinal Leasing Company In 

Betsy Guedrl Fulks (B.S. phar- 
macy) and George Massie Fulks 
(B.S, pharmacy) recently opened their 
Medicine Shoppe In Richmond. 

Jaron M. Terry (B S, mass com- 
munications) has been appointed 
director of public affairs in the plan- 
ning end mart<eting division of St, 
Mar/'s Hospital In Richmond. 

Herman Williams III (B S adminis- 
tration of justice and public safety) 
has assumed command of the 552nd 
Milltar/ Police Company In South 


Peggy L. Bradley (BGS.) has 
been promoted in the U.S. Army to 
the rank of captain. 

Richard A. Joralmon (D.D S ) of 
Bethesda, Maryland, v^as the recipi- 
ent of a National Research Scholar- 
ship Award at the National Institute of 
Dental Research. He Is conducting 

studies In the microbiology/immunol- 
ogy division of the research center, 


Brian S. Moneymaker (B S mass 
communications) has arrived for duty 
with the Eighth U.S. Army, South Korea. 
Moneymaker, a broadcast journalist, 
was previously assigned to Fort 
Gordon, Georgia. 


Thomas R. Fuller (B.S. marketing) 
has completed basic training at Fort 
Jackson, South Carolina, 

Michael T Rowlings (B S mass 
communications) has been assigned 
to Keesler Air Force Base, Mississippi, 
after completing Air Force basic 
training. Airman Rowlings will receive 
specialized Instruction In the air 
operations field. 

Brian E, Workman (B,S, business 
administration and management) Is a 
credit representative with Reynolds 
Metals Company in St Louis, Missouri. 


Robert S. Futrell (D D S ) has 

completed the U.S. Air Force military 
indoctrination for medical service 
officers at Sheppard Air Force Base, 
Texas, He Is scheduled to serve with 
the Air Force Regional Hospital, MInot 
Air Force Base, North Dakota. 


Become an active alumnus 


You inay think you have to have 
o lot of time or nnoney or live in 
the Richmond area to become 
an active alumnus — but you 

The VCU Alumni Activities Of- 
fice is looking for alumni support 

through a host of ongoing pro- 
grams. If you would be inter- 
ested in one or more of the foi- 
lovi/ing programs, please 
complete this form and return it 
to us. We vi/ili send you the infor- 
mation you request. 

I want to be an active VCU alumnus! Please send me information 


□ how I can become involved with the alumni board of directors of 

my college or school 
n the VCU International Studies Program 
n How I can help recruit students to VCU 

n Please update my alumni record 


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. Zip Code . 

. Year of graduation . 

Return to 

VCU Alumni Activities 
828 West Franl<lln Street 
Box 2026 
iRictimond, VA 23284-0001 i 

seemingly shy about discussing 
It. But his humility is fleeting. 

"I've had a real good response 
in Hawaii," he continues. "They 
have good taste in music!" 

Butt began writing songs nine 
years ago when he was 40 years 
old. The first song he recorded 
was "Fool, Fool, Fool," which he 
says was autobiographicai. 
Since then he has written more 
than 150 songs and is currently 
trying to cull a list of 23 of his fa- 
vorites down to 10 or 12 for an 

"It's a lot of work," he says of his 
time-consuming hobby, "It takes 
a lot of time to write and record 
a song, and then to work on dis- 
tributing it," 

Butt is currently looking for a 
larger iabel to take over some of 
the post-production work, such 
as promotion and distribution, 
"All Alone" was distributed to 600 
radio stations with the help of dif- 
ferent individuals and com- 
panies, but he thinks a larger la- 
bel, such as CBS or Warner Bros,, 

could do it more effectively and 
also free up some of his time. 

Butt needs that extra time for 
some of his other ventures. For in- 
stance, he is currently in negotia- 
tion with a company in Missis- 
sippi to produce a special type 
of turkey caller he has invented. 
He also owns five farms where he 
raises bird dogs and Tennessee 
Walking horses. Another hobby 
he likes to pursue — travel — is fa- 
cilitated through a travel agency 
he owns in Biacksburg. 

Despite ail these "hobbies," 
Butt still manages to find time to 
devote to dentistry. Although he 
didn't graduate from MCV's 
School of Dentistry until 1961, by 
1957 he had already discovered 
that fluoride could be used in 
mouthwash form. 

This was a revolutionary idea in 
dental circles, because at the 
time fluoridated drinking water 
was considered the only effec- 
tive means of providing fluoride. 
Even though Crest later devel- 
oped the first toothpaste with flu- 
oride. Butt is still considered one 
of the founding fathers of the 
fluoride revolution. 

Butt also invented a special 
root canal instrument but was 
beat to the marketplace before 
he could secure a patent on it. 
He does, however, hold the 
patent on a design for a new 
toothpick. He is working with two 
companies based in Korea to 
further develop and produce it, 
Dr, Tom is reluctant to reveal too 
much about this new pick but 
will say that it removes plaque, 
has a better grip, and comes in 
a variety of flavors and colors, 

Jerry Leum is a freekmce writer in 

Photograph courtesy of Dr. Thorruis 
E. Butt. 

Class Rings 

If you did not buy a class ring as 
a student, you can now order 
one. Rings for men and women 
are available in a variety of sizes. 
For more information and a price 
list, write for a ring order kit. If you 
graduated before 1968, please 
indicate Medical College of 
Virginia, if applicable, when 
ordering a kit. Write for the kit — 
and for information about VCU 
watches — to 
VCU Alumni Activities 
828 West Franklin Street 
Box 2026 
Richmond, VA 23284-0001 



Decorative glassware, quality 
finish, beautiful style. Each em- 
bossed with the VCU seal : 
10 oz. Tumbler #812/$2.50 
1'/2 oz. Shot glass #2211/$1.95 
6 in. Ashtray #800/$4.99 
15 oz. Tankard #205/$5.49 

Automatic self-opening um- 
brella. 50-inch spread. 100% 
nylon, black end gold, em- 
bossed with the VCU seal, 

Stuffed animals. White ram orna- 
mented with a black and gold 
VCU ribbon and black felt cape. 
8" high. #8/$8.99 

Collegiate mug, handsomely 
trimmed in gold. 4" high, 3V4" 
dia.,15oz. #M155/$8.99 

Deluxe feature college mug. 
Multicolor seal on a white back- 
ground. Classic lines, 5V2" high, 
3V2" dia., 20 oz. #M204/$14.99 

Barclay Sheaks (VCU alumnus 

'49) prints, unframed: 
Ginter House #AA4A 
Egyptian Building #AA4B 

Each measures 14V2" x 12". $25 

Notched cylinder ashtray, 7" dia. 

Classic wool pennant, 9 x 27. 

Polyester and mesh baseball 
cap with adjustable snap tab 
back, 2" VCU flocked lettering 
on front, #308/$4.99 

Coffee mug. All time favorite with 
coffee drinkers. Generous 10 oz. 
size. 33/4" high, Z'U" dia. #DM20/ 

Queen Anne bread and butter 
plate. An elegant rendering of 
Ginter House in Welton Arnetale*. 
7" dia. #10Z-0442/$14.99 

Tavern mug. Heavy custom 
crested pewter-look tankard. 
43/4"high. 17 oz. #166-0812/ 

VCU Mirrors 
Two of the Egyptian Building on 

the MCV Campus #AA3A 
One of Ginter House on the 

Academic Campus #AA3B 
One of the James Branch 
Cabell Library #AA3C 
These framed mirrors measure 14" 
X 26" with the pictures in the 
upper portion of the mirror mea- 
suring IIV2" X 6V2". $125 

Rich looking embroidered 
placket shirt, rib knit cuff, and 
soft fashion collar. Adult sizes S, 
M, L, XL; black and lemon, 

Desk items, etched cultured 
martDle with VCU seal; 
Paperweight 3V4" $15 
Bookends 4V2" x 6V2", 7 lbs. 

Desk Box 4" x 7V2" $60 
Pen Set 4" x 9V2" $45 
Memo Pad Holder 4" x 91/2" 

VCU men's neckties. Attractive 
navy background with small 
gold VCU seals. #AA1/$15 

Solid brass key ring engraved 
with the VCU seal. #5B-K/$3.49 

Black enamel arm chairs, with 
VCU seal on the back of the 
chair and cherry-colored arms. 

Pullover hooded sweat-shirt with 
trim color accented hood lining, 

i sleeve stripes, and raglan piping. 

i Muff styled front pocket. 50% 
cotton, 50% polyester. Adult sizes 
S, M, L, XL; purple, #799/$19.99 

Basic sweat. Comfort makes this 
50% cotton, 50% polyester 
sweatshirt a year-round favorite. 
Classic raglan sleeves. Adult 
sizes S, M, L, XL; fuschia, navy, 
banana, lavendar, black, 
#3051F/$9.99 Children's sizes 6- 
8, 10-12, 14-16; navy, #3051F/ 

Tackle twill hooded sweatshirt. 
Letters are cut from colorful 
tackle twill and sewn on heavy- 
weight fleece of 50% cotton, 
50% Careslan*. Adult sizes S, M, 
L, XL; black, #IVI550/$22.99; 
matching sweatpant, #P550/ 

Heavyweight fleece hooded 
sweatshirt, raglan shoulders, rib 
knit cuffs and waistband. Muff 
pocket with reinforced stitching. 
Adult sizes S, M, L, XL; gold and 
black on white #798A/$14.99 

VCU Campus Bookstore 
900 Park Avenue 
Richmond, VA 23284-0001 

Item # Quantity Description 




Send orders with desired form of payment. Returns requesting o 
ctiange of size or item due to customer error will require on additional 
S2 handling charge. Make ctieck payable to VCU Campus 
Bookstore, or use credit cord. 

Please charge to my n VISA or □ MasterCard 

Credit Card Number Exp. Date; Mo Yr 

If IVIasterCard, enter four digits above your name here: 

Virginia Soles Tax 4% 

Stilp to 

Sliipping, tiandling, a. ,. 
and Insurance ' 

(ctiairs $10) 

Total $ 





Zip Code 



Dutch Waterways 


May 17-30 

This two-week adventure was a 
sellout in 1983 and '84, You'll visit 
all of Holland — Amsterdam, 
Morken, Hoorn, Enkhuizen, 
Staveren, Urk, Kampen, Deven- 
ter, and Arnhem on your cruise 
ttirough the Dutch waterways. 
Then, you'll spend three nights in 
Paris and three nights in Switzer- 
land. All meals are included on 
the cruise, and breakfast is in- 
cluded in Paris and Switzerland. 
Starting at 82,599 per person. 

Rhine River Adventure 
Starting June 3 for one or 
two weeks 

You will explore castles where 
kings walked the Swiss Alps — the 
Black Forest and valleys and 
vineyards where Europe's great- 
est cuisine was born. This trip will 
take you through four of Europe's 
most interesting Rhine River 
countries. You'll see Baden- 
Baden and Frankfurt, Germany; 
Lucerne and Engleberg, Switzer- 
land; Strasbourg, France; and, if 
you choose the optional second 
week of this trip, Amsterdam. 
Holland. From Richmond, prices 
start at approximately $1 ,099 per 
person for one week and S375 
for the second week. 

New England/Cape Cod 
Yacht Cruise 
August 12-23 

This ■12-day cruise aboard the 
world's newest deluxe cruise ship, 
the ultra-yacht Nantucket Clip- 
per, will take you to Boston, Jack- 
son, Woodstock, Plymouth, Mar- 
tha's Vineyard, Nantucket, New 
Bedford, and Newport. All 51 
staterooms are spacious, with 
picture windows, private bath- 
rooms, and multi-channel music. 
Starting at $1 ,899 per person. 

VCU Alumni" 
Travel 1986 

Please send me more information on the trip(s) checked below.* 

□ Dutch Waterways Adventure 
n Rhine River Adventure 

□ New England/Cape Cod Yacht Cruise 

□ Paris, the French Countryside, and Switzerland 
n The Orient 

□ Hawaii with the Rams 


Address . 

. State - 

. Zip Code . 

' Addiunndl mjurmMum is umivailabU any earlier thun si.v months pnar to the 
trip's departure date. Your rmme will be placed on a list tv receive the brochures 
when ai^ailable. 

Return to 

VCU Alumni Activities 

828 West Franklin Street 

Box 2026 

Rictimond, VA 23284-0001 

aris, the French 
Countryside, and 

starting September 4 for one 
or two weeks 

You can enjoy romantic Paris for 
the first week with first-class ac- 
commodations, and then add 
an extra week and tour the 
French countryside and Switzer- 
land. Full-time travel representa- 
tives will escort you throughout 
the trip, and a variety of optional 
tours will allow you the freedom 
to set your own schedule. Prices 
are $849 for the first week and 
$369 for the second week. 

The Orient 
September 19-October 2 

See the best of the Orient on this 
exciting two- week Far East holi- 
day. You'll visit Tokyo and ride the 
130-mile-per-hour Bullet Train in 
first-class reclining seats for 
Kyoto, Japan, Next you'll fly to 
Bangkok, Thailand, and Hong 
Kong. Starting at $2,999 per per- 

Hawaii with the Rams 
November 25-December 2 

Join the Rams men's basketball 
team in Hawaii. You'll spend two 
nights in Waikiki and five nights in 
r^aui, as the Rams play in an 
eight-team basketball tourna- 
ment. Don't miss the fun and ex- 
citement of Hawaii during the 
Thanksgiving holiday. Whether 
you enjoy basketball or soaking 
up the sun, this is the Hawaiian 
trip for you. Price is approxi- 
mately SI ,000 per person, de- 
pending on the number and 


VCU Magazine 

VCU Publications 

826 West Franklin Street 

Box 2036 

Richmond, VA 23284-0001 

Address Correction Requested 

Nonprofit Organization 
U.S. Postage 


Permit No. 869 

Richmond, Virginia 



W * 

B}i talking to VCU students about their career 

goals, VCU alumni provide an invaluable service 

to the university. For more on Career Planning & 

Placement's RamSCAN program, see p. 4.